Åland Islands

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Åland Islands
Motto: "Islands of Peace"[1]
Anthem: Ålänningens sång
Capital
and largest city
Mariehamn
60°07′N 019°54′E / 60.117°N 19.9°E / 60.117; 19.9
Official languages Swedish
Demonym
    • Ålandic
    • Ålandish
    • Ålänning
    • Åländare
  • Ahvenanmaalainen
Government Autonomous region of Finland
 -  Governora Peter Lindbäck
 -  Premier Camilla Gunell
Autonomy
 -  Declared 1920 
 -  Recognized 1921b 
Area
 -  Total 1,580[2] km2 (unranked)
610 sq mi 
Population
 -  2011 estimate 28,355
 -  Density 18.14/km2
46.98/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate
 -  Total $1.563 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $55,829
HDI (2007) 0.967[4]
very high
Currency Euro (€)d (EUR)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Calling code +358e
Internet TLD .axf
a. The governorship is an administrative post appointed by the Government of Finland and does not have any authority over the autonomous Government of Åland.
b. Settled by the League of Nations following the Åland crisis.
c. Åland held a separate referendum and then joined at the same time as the rest of Finland.
d. Until 1999, the Finnish markka. The Swedish krona (SEK) is also widely used.
e. Area code 18.
f. Replacing .aland.fi from August 2006. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with Finland and the rest of European Union member states.

The Åland Islands (Swedish: Åland (pronounced IPA: ['oːland]), Finnish: Ahvenanmaa) form an archipelago in the Baltic Sea. It is situated at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia and forms an autonomous, demilitarized, monolingually Swedish-speaking administrative province, region and historical province of Finland. It is the smallest province of Finland, comprising 0.5% of Finland's population and 0.49% of land area.

References[change | edit source]

Other websites[change | edit source]

Media related to Åland at Wikimedia Commons