Žilina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 49°13′22″N 18°44′24″E / 49.22278°N 18.74°E / 49.22278; 18.74
Žilina
City
Žilina Vlajka.svg
Flag
Žilina Erb.svg
Coat of arms
Country Slovakia
Region Žilina
District Žilina
Tourism region Horné Považie
Rivers Váh, Rajčanka, Kysuca
Center Andrej Hlinka Square
 - elevation 342 m (1,122 ft)
 - coordinates 49°13′22″N 18°44′24″E / 49.22278°N 18.74°E / 49.22278; 18.74
Area 80.03 km² (30.9 sq mi)
Population 85,302 (2009-05-31)
 - urban 108,114
 - metro 159,729
Density 1,066 /km² (2,761 /sq mi)
First mentioned 1208
Mayor Igor Choma
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 010 01
Area code +421-41
Car plate ZA
Location in Slovakia
Location in Slovakia
Locator Red.svg
Location in Slovakia
Wikimedia Commons: Žilina
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS
Website: www.zilina.sk

Žilina (German: Sillein, Hungarian: Zsolna) is a city in northwestern Slovakia.

Geography[change | change source]

The city is located in the northwestern Slovakia, at the confluence of Váh, Kysuca and Rajčanka rivers. It is surrounded by numerous mountains ranges, for example Lesser Fatra, Strážov Mountains and many others.

History[change | change source]

People have lived here since the Neolithic age. The Slavs started to move here in the 5th century. German colonists started to live here since the 13th century. When the Hussites burned the city down, it declined it for some time. It regained its position in the 19th century, when it became an important railway junction. Today, it is the fifth largest town in Slovakia and the third most important industrial centre in Slovakia.

Sights[change | change source]

The centre of the city is the Mariánske námestie, with the city hall, baroque statue of the Virgin Mary and so on. Other sights include:

  • The Budatín Castle
  • Wooden church of St. George (one of the few outside north-eastern Slovakia)
  • Church of St. Stephen the King
  • Orthodox synagogue

Economy[change | change source]

Žilina is the main industrial and business centre of the Váh river. The biggest employer is the Kia Motors company, which invested here 1 billion dollars and created 3000 work positions.

Twin towns[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]