1994 Atlantic hurricane season

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1994 Atlantic hurricane season
Map
First storm started: June 30
Last storm ended: November 21
Strongest storm: Hurricane Florence - 972 mbar, 110 mph winds
Number of storms: 7
Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+) 0
Cost of damage: $1.56 billon (1994 USD)
$2 billion (2008 USD)
People killed: Around 1,184 people
Closest seasons: 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996

The 1994 Atlantic hurricane season was the time from June 1 to November 30, 1994 when hurricanes officially formed in the Atlantic Ocean. Storms sometimes form before and after these dates but most storms form during the season. However in this season no Tropical Cyclone formed after November 30, the end of the season because the last storm, Hurricane Gorden died on November 21 just nine days before the 30th.

The season was unusual in that it produced no major hurricanes, which are those of Category 3 status or higher on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. The strongest, Hurricane Florence, it's top winds were at a Category 2 storm with winds of 110 mph (175 km/h). Aside from Chris, Florence, and Gordon, none of the storms became hurricanes.[1] A famous hurricane from 1994 would probably be Hurricane Gordon. Hurricane Gordon was a strange long lived November hurricane that killed at least 1,100 people in Haiti.

Storms[change | change source]

Storms
TS Alberto
TD Two
TS Beryl
1 Chris
TD Five
TS Debby
TS Ernesto
TD Eight
TD Nine
TD Ten
2 Florence
1 Gordon

Tropical Storm Alberto[change | change source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration June 30 – July 7
Intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min),  993 mbar (hPa)

Alberto formed from a north-moving tropical depression north of the Yucatán Peninsula on July 2. Tropical Storm Alberto continued north, making landfall near Destin, Florida on July 3 as a moderately strong tropical storm. The storm weakened quickly to a tropical depression, which then moved around Georgia and Alabama until it dissipated on July 7. Damage was guessed at $500 million (1994 USD) and 30 deaths were caused by the effects of Tropical Storm Alberto.

Tropical Depression Two[change | change source]

Tropical depression (SSHS)
Duration July 20 – July 23
Intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min),  1015 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Two formed near South Carolina on the 19th. The depression moved north making landfall in South Carolina and dissipated on July 23rd. No damage or deaths reported. [2]

Tropical Storm Beryl[change | change source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration August 14 – August 19
Intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min),  999 mbar (hPa)

Beryl formed off the Florida Panhandle on August 15, only twelve hours before it made landfall near Panama City, Florida. Beryl quickly strengthened before landfall and reached its top winds of 60 mph. Beryl caused inland flooding as it moved through Georgia, across the Carolinas, and all the way to Connecticut where it was absorbed by a frontal system. Damage was guessed at $73 million (1994 USD). Though it caused no deaths, a lot of people were injured by the 37 tornadoes Beryl produced as it weakened.

Hurricane Chris[change | change source]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration August 16 – August 23
Intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min),  979 mbar (hPa)

Chris formed midway between the Lesser Antilles and Cape Verde on August 17, and reached hurricane strength the next day. It moved to the northwest and turned north and brushed Bermuda as a weak tropical storm on the 21st. Chris continued north, and dissipated without causing any damage

Tropical Depression Five[change | change source]

Tropical depression (SSHS)
Duration August 29 – August 31
Intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min),  1005 mbar (hPa)

The wave that would become Tropical Depression Five was tracked beginning on August 17. The wave was upgraded into a depression on August 29 near the Yucatán Peninsula. Tropical Depression Five made landfall in Tampico on the 31st and dissipating the same day over Mexico. No damage was caused by Tropica Depression Five.

Tropical Storm Debby[change | change source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration September 9 – September 11
Intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min),  1006 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Debby formed on September 10, just east of the lesser antilies. The storm crossed some of the islands, and dissipated south of Puerto Rico on the 11th. Nine people dead because of Tropical Storm Debby. Damage estimates are not available. It cause flooding and mudslides in Saint Lucia.

Tropical Storm Ernesto[change | change source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration September 21 – September 26
Intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min),  1000 mbar (hPa)

Ernesto formed southwest of Cape Verde on September 22 it became Tropical Storm Ernesto. It moved north for two days, and by the 24th had weakened to a tropical depression. Two days later Ernesto dissipated without affecting any land.

Tropical Depression Eight[change | change source]

Tropical depression (SSHS)
Duration September 24 – September 26
Intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min),  1004 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Eight formed on September 19 in the southwestern Caribbean Sea. The wave strengthened into Tropical Depression Eight on September 24 near Honduras. Tropical Depression Eight made landfall in Mexico and dissipated the next day over Guatemala. Some reports show that the remnants of Eight became Tropical Depression Ten.

Tropical Depression Nine[change | change source]

Tropical depression (SSHS)
Duration September 27 – September 29
Intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min),  1007 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Nine form off the coast of Africa on September 26. It was upgraded to the ninth depression of the 1994 season, 150 miles southeast from the Cape Verde Islands the next day. The depression moved north and dissipated on September 29.

Tropical Depression Ten[change | change source]

Tropical depression (SSHS)
Duration September 29 – September 30
Intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min),  1004 mbar (hPa)

An area of disturbed weather, related to Tropical Depression Eight, moved across the northwest Caribbean Sea and the Yucatán Peninsula. A tropical wave moved into the area, causing an increase in showers and cloudiness. The wave became Tropical Depression Ten on September 29 about 150 miles off the coast of Cuba. The system became better-organized and when the depression moved into the Gulf of Mexico, it was absorbed by a non-tropical system on 30th. Tropical Depression Ten caused $5 million in damage (1994 USD).

Hurricane Florence[change | change source]

Category 2 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration November 2 – November 8
Intensity 110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min),  972 mbar (hPa)

Florence, at first formed as a subtropical depression in the central Atlantic on November 2. As it northwest, it took on tropical characteristics and was upgraded to Tropical Storm Florence on the 4th. It reached hurricane strength, then turned to the northeast and on November 6, as it was picked up by a strong trough. Two days later Florence was absorbed by the same trough that made it turn northeast. There was no reported damage.

Hurricane Gordon[change | change source]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration November 8 – November 21
Intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min),  980 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Gordon was a very deadly and damaging tropical storm for the Caribbean, Florida and parts of North Carolina. The storm was very slow moving on its path over the Caribbean. This storm killed over 1100 people (estimates range between 500-2300 people dead through Haiti and the central Caribbean islands, including Jamaica and Cuba). The storm's strange motion was making Hurricane Gordon hard to forecast where it would actually go and where it would reach land. Damage was guessed to be at $400 million (1994 US dollars).

Nor'easter[change | change source]

Counterclockwise vortex
Duration December 23 – December 24
Intensity Winds unknown,  1007 mbar (hPa)

Around Christmas in 1994 a nor'easter may have had tropical characteristics, though it was not called a tropical system. It affected the Mid-Atlantic and New England causing damage at $21 million.

Unused[change | change source]

In 1994, only 7 out of 21 names were used. The following names were supposed to be used:

  • Helene (unused)
  • Isaac (unused)
  • Joyce (unused)
  • Keith (unused)
  • Leslie (unused)
  • Michael (unused)
  • Nadine (unused)
  • Oscar (unused)
  • Patty (unused)
  • Rafael (unused)
  • Sandy (unused)
  • Tony (unused)
  • Valerie (unused)
  • William (unused)

Retirement[change | change source]

No names retired as a result all name will be used again in 2000

References[change | change source]

Tropical cyclones of the 1994 Atlantic hurricane season

Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale
TD TS C1 C2 C3 C4 C5