2005 Atlantic hurricane season

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2005 Atlantic hurricane season
Map
First storm started: June 8, 2005
Last storm ended: January 6, 2006
Strongest storm: Hurricane Wilma - 882 mbar (record), 185 mph winds
Number of storms: 27 named storms
(plus 1 unnamed storm)
Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+) 7
Cost of damage: $128 billion (2005 USD)
$132 billion (2006 USD) (Highest)
People killed: Around 2280 people

The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the time from June 1 to November 30, 2005 when hurricanes officially formed in the Atlantic Ocean. Storms sometimes form before and after these dates but most storms form during the season. Tropical Storm Zeta Zeta began on December 30 and ended on January 6 which is after the November 30 end of the season.

2005 broke many records set. There were 28 storms that were tropical storms and 15 that were hurricanes. For the first time ever storms were named by the Greek alphabet as the normal name list had been used up. The storm which caused the most damage was Hurricane Katrina, which hit New Orleans, USA, and killed over 1000 people. The strongest storm of the season was not Katrina, it was Hurricane Wilma. Wilma was the strongest hurricane ever in the Atlantic Ocean.

Storms[change | edit source]

2005 Atlantic hurricane season
TS Arlene
TS Bret
1 Cindy
 4  Dennis
5 Emily
TS Franklin
TS Gert
TS Harvey
2 Irene
TD 10
TS Jose
5 Katrina
TS Lee
3 Maria
1 Nate
 1  Ophelia
1 Philippe
5 Rita
TD 19
1 Stan
SS Unnamed
TS Tammy
SD 22
1 Vince
5 Wilma
TS Alpha
3 Beta
TS Gamma
TS Delta
1 Epsilon
TS Zeta

Tropical Storm Arlene[change | edit source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration June 8 – June 13
Intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min),  989 mbar (hPa)

The storm formed near Honduras on June 8 and moved north. It came close to western Cuba on June 10 before entering the Gulf of Mexico. Arlene strengthened just below hurricane strength before making landfall on western Florida. The storm quickly weakened while moving inland, and later became an extratropical remnant on June 13.[1]

Tropical Storm Bret[change | edit source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration June 28 – June 30
Intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min),  1002 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Bret was a weak tropical storm that formed as Tropical Depression Two in the western Gulf of Mexico, then quickly became Tropical Storm Bret. The storm made landfall in Tuxpan, Veracruz, Mexico the next morning. It dissipated on June 30. The storm cause 2 deaths and $9 million in damage.[2]

Hurricane Cindy[change | edit source]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration July 3 – July 7
Intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min),  991 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Cindy was a tropical cyclone that reached minimal hurricane strength for a very short time in the Gulf of Mexico during July and made landfall in Louisiana. It was the third named storm and first hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. Hurricane Cindy left 3 deaths and $320 million in damage.[3]

Hurricane Dennis[change | edit source]

Category 4 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration July 4 – July 13
Intensity 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min),  930 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Dennis was the strongest hurricane before August. Hurricane Dennis moved mostly northwestward in its track. It made landfall in Grenada, and almost made landfall in Jamaica, and also made landfall in Cuba, and Florida (United States).[4]

Hurricane Emily[change | edit source]

Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration July 11 – July 21
Intensity 160 mph (260 km/h) (1-min),  929 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Emily was the strongest and only known category 5 hurricane in July. It beat a record in strength set by Hurricane Dennis only 6 day before. Hurricane Emily was one of four category 5 hurricane in 2005. Hurricane Emily caused about 6 deaths and $988 million in damage.[5]

Tropical Storm Franklin[change | edit source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration July 21 – July 29
Intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min),  997 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Franklin formed north of the Bahamas on July 21 and moved steadily across the western Atlantic while coming close to Bermuda on July 26. Later, Franklin became an extratropical cyclone near Newfoundland, before being absorbed by another non-tropical system. Franklin caused no damages and killed no people while it stayed in the ocean during most of its life.[6]

Tropical Storm Gert[change | edit source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration July 23 – July 25
Intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min),  1005 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Gert was a weak and short lived storm. Tropical Storm Gert formed in the Bay of Campeche on July 23. The storm made landfall in Mexico and dissipated on July 25.[7]

Tropical Storm Harvey[change | edit source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration August 2 – August 8
Intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min),  994 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Harvey was a strong tropical storm that moved across the Atlantic Ocean from August 2 to August 8. Harvey caused no damages or deaths and was the eighth named storm of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. Tropical Storm Harvey only affected Bermuda.[8]

Hurricane Irene[change | edit source]

Category 2 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration August 4 – August 18
Intensity 105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min),  970 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Irene was a rather long lived storm (about 2 weeks). It took it a while to become a hurricane. The only affect from Irene was large waves. Irene caused no damage or deaths.[9]

Tropical Storm Jose[change | edit source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration August 22 – August 23
Intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min),  998 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Jose was a strong but very short lived storm. It quickly formed in the Bay of Campeche and made landfall in Mexico. Tropical Storm Jose dissipated the next day. Tropical Storm Jose caused 8 deaths and $45 million in damages.[10]

Hurricane Katrina[change | edit source]

Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration August 23 – August 30
Intensity 175 mph (280 km/h) (1-min),  902 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Katrina was a powerful category 5 hurricane. Katrina was the costliest hurricane in U.S. history. Katrina devastated the U.S. Gulf Coast, it especially devastated New Orleans, a city in Louisiana. It beat the old record from Hurricane Andrew. Katrina left $81.2 billion in damage and 1,836 deaths.[11]

Tropical Storm Lee[change | edit source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration August 28 – September 2
Intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min),  1006 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Lee formed east of the Lesser Antilles as a tropical depression on August 28. On the next day, the depression weakened into a tropical low. The low then moved north and became stronger. It became a tropical storm for a short time on August 31. Lee quickly weakened again into a remnant low and was absorbed by a cold front on September 2.[12]

Hurricane Maria[change | edit source]

Category 3 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration September 1 – September 10
Intensity 115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min),  962 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Maria was a major hurricane in September 2005. This storm was rare because it affected New Jersey, Iceland, Scotland, and Norway. Hurricane Maria caused 3 deaths and $3.1 million in damage.[13]

Hurricane Nate[change | edit source]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration September 5 – September 10
Intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min),  979 mbar (hPa)

Nate was a category 1 hurricane. Hurricane Nate also helped Hurricane Maria kill one person in Bermuda, and another in New Jersey.

Hurricane Ophelia[change | edit source]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration September 6 – September 17
Intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min),  976 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Ophelia was a category 1 hurricane in September of 2005. It moved strangely just offshore of the United States. In all, Ophelia killed 3 people and caused $70 million in damage, mostly to North Carolina.

Hurricane Phillipe[change | edit source]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration September 17 – September 23
Intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min),  985 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Philippe was a category 1 hurricane that moved near land, but did not affect land. This was the third of five uses of a "P" name. The other were Pablo, Peter, Paloma, and Paula

Hurricane Rita[change | edit source]

Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration September 18 – September 26
Intensity 180 mph (285 km/h) (1-min),  895 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Rita was a powerful category 5 hurricane that started east of the Bahamas on September 26. It moved south of Florida and into the Gulf of Mexico. Rita became a category 5 hurricane very fast, then made landfall. Hurricane Rita made landfall as a category 3 hurricane in Louisiana, on September 24. By September 26, Rita had died over the U.S. The hurricane killed about 120 people and caused $10 billion in damage. This was only the second time that an "R" name was used in the Atlantic, the other was Roxanne.

Hurricane Stan[change | edit source]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration October 1 – October 5
Intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min),  977 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Stan was the sixth of the seven storms in 2005 to make landfall in Mexico. The storm caused $1 billion in Mexico and the Central American region. The exact number of people killed is unknown, but the guess is around 1,660, though it could be up to 2,000.

Tropical Storm Tammy[change | edit source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration October 5 – October 6
Intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min),  1001 mbar (hPa)

Tammy was a tropical storm that only existed for a total of two days and brought minor damages to the southeastern United States. It peaked with 50 mph (85 km/h) just before making landfall on the northern Florida coast. Tammy formed from a strong non-tropical low on October 5 just off the Floridan coast. It moved north, peaking with 50 mph (85 km/h) winds just before making landfall on Atlantic Beach, Florida on October 6. Tammy died shortly later. Most of the damages were losses from FEMA that totaled up to $30 million. Tammy also killed 10 people. This was only the second time that a name starting with the letter "T" in the Atlantic Ocean. The other use was from Hurricane Tanya in 1995.

Hurricane Vince[change | edit source]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration October 8 – October 11
Intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min),  988 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Vince was a very rare hurricane. Hurricane Vince formed in the Atlantic where the water was too cold for a storm to form. It was only a hurricane for about 6 hours. The storm did something else rare, the storm made landfall in Spain. This was the first time that a "V" name had been used in the Atlantic.[14]

Hurricane Wilma[change | edit source]

Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration October 15 – October 25
Intensity 185 mph (295 km/h) (1-min),  882 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Wilma was the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic Ocean. Hurricane Wilma lasted as a storm from mid to later October in 2005. Wilma left $28.8 billion in damage, mostly to Florida and the Yucatán Peninsula.

Tropical Storm Alpha[change | edit source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration October 22 – October 24
Intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min),  998 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Alpha was the first tropical storm to get a Greek alphabet name. It caused 43 people to die over Haiti, Dominican Republic, and the Bahamas. All of this happened before Hurricane Wilma caused it to die on October 24.

Hurricane Beta[change | edit source]

Category 3 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration October 26 – October 31
Intensity 115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min),  962 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Beta was a category 3 hurricane in late October, 2005. It strengthened fast and made landfall in Nicaragua, before it died on October 31. Beta caused about 4 deaths and $3 million in damage.

Tropical Storm Gamma[change | edit source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration November 14 – November 21
Intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min),  1002 mbar (hPa)

Gamma was a tropical storm that started in the middle of November. It crossed the Caribeann Sea and died during this time. Tropical Storm Gamma reformed north of Honduras, before it again died. The tropical storm killed about 41 people in Honduras.

Tropical Storm Delta[change | edit source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration November 22 – November 28
Intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min),  980 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Delta was a strong tropical storm. It killed at least 7 people in the Canary Islands and caused about $360 million in damage. The remains were last seen over Morocco.

Hurricane Epsilon[change | edit source]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration November 29 – December 8
Intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min),  981 mbar (hPa)

Epsilon was a rare December hurricane, the first since Hurricane Lili in 1984. Forecasters incorrectly guessed on how much time it would take for Epsilon to die. Epsilon did not come any where near land.

Tropical Storm Zeta[change | edit source]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration December 30 – January 6
Intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min),  994 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Zeta was the last storm of 2005. The storm formed on December 30 in cold waters of the Atlantic. Tropical Storm Zeta dissipated on January 6, 2006. It was only one of two storm to live in two different years (the other was Hurricane Alice which was in 1954 and 1955). The storm did not affect land or cause any deaths or damage.[15]

Other storms[change | edit source]

There were also four storms in and around the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season that were not given any names: Tropical Depression Ten(10), Tropical Depression Nineteen(19), Subtropical Depression Twenty-two(22), and a subtropical storm that was not found until after it had happened. A subtropical cyclone is a storm that is not quite a tropical cyclone, but is more tropical than an extratropical cyclone.

Retirement[change | edit source]

In the spring of 2006, Hurricane Dennis, Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Rita, Hurricane Stan, and Hurricane Wilma were retired and replaced by Don, Karina, Rina, Sean and Whitney in 2011.

References[change | edit source]

Tropical cyclones of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season

Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale
TD TS C1 C2 C3 C4 C5