2010 Canterbury earthquake

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2010 Canterbury earthquake
Force of the 2010 earthquake
A star marks its epicentre
Date 4 September 2010 (2010-09-04) 04:35 NZST
(16:35 UTC September 3)
Magnitude 7.1 Mw[1][2]
Depth 10 km (6.2 mi)[2]
Epicenter location 43°33′S 172°11′E / 43.55°S 172.18°E / -43.55; 172.18Coordinates: 43°33′S 172°11′E / 43.55°S 172.18°E / -43.55; 172.18, near Darfield, Canterbury, New Zealand
Countries or regions affected  New Zealand
Max. intensity MM 9[1]
Casualties 2 seriously injured, no reported deaths.[3]

The 2010 Canterbury earthquake was a powerful 7.1 magnitude earthquake,[1][2] which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 4:35 am September 4, 2010 local time (16:35 3 September UTC).[1] It was centred 40 km west of Christchurch, near the town of Darfield, at a depth of 10 km.[1] Strong aftershocks were reported,[4][5] including ones of magnitude 5.3.[6][7] The main quake was felt widely across the South Island, and in the North Island as far north as New Plymouth.[8]

It caused a lot of damage and cut off power and water supply, mainly in the city of Christchurch.[9][4] Two people were seriously injured.[4] The quake caused damage to historic buildings in Lyttelton, near Christchurch, including a church and parts of a hotel. Businesses in the city centre were closed the day of the quake.[10] The total cost of damages may be as high as NZ$2 billion.[4]

A state of emergency was declared by Civil Defence for Christchurch and the Selwyn District.[11]

Geological background[change | edit source]

New Zealand sits on the boundary between the Australian and Pacific plates. In the South Island, these plates mainly slide past each other horizontally, producing earthquakes along fault lines such as the Alpine fault. The 2010 earthquake was centred about 80–90 km to the southeast of the plate boundary through the island, probably on one of a network of smaller faults linked to the main faults that mark the plate boundary itself.[12]

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "New Zealand earthquake report - Sep 4, 2010 at 4:35 am (NZST)". GeoNet. Earthquake Commission and GNS Science. September 4, 2010. http://www.geonet.org.nz/earthquake/quakes/3366146g.html. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Magnitude 7.0 - South Island of New Zealand: Details". United States Geological Survey. September 3, 2010. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010atbj.php. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
  3. "Massive 7.4 quake hits Christchurch". Stuff. http://www.stuff.co.nz/national/4094986/Massive-7-4-quake-hits-Christchurch. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Massive 7.4 quake hits South Island". Stuff.co.nz. September 3, 2010. http://www.stuff.co.nz/national/4094986/Massive-7-4-quake-hits-South-Island. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
  5. "New Zealand Earthquake 2010: Strong Quake Shakes Christchurch". The Huffington Post. September 3, 2010. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/09/03/new-zealand-earthquake-20_n_705040.html. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
  6. "New Zealand Earthquake Report - Sep 4 2010 at 4:56 am (NZST)". GeoNet. 4 September 2010. http://www.geonet.org.nz/earthquake/quakes/3366155g.html. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
  7. "New Zealand Earthquake Report - Sep 4 2010 at 11:12 am (NZST)". GeoNet. 4 September 2010. http://www.geonet.org.nz/earthquake/quakes/3366310g.html. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
  8. Van Der Heide, Maike (4 September 2010). "Marlborough, Kaikoura escape worst of quake". The Marlborough Express. http://www.stuff.co.nz/marlborough-express/news/4096260/Marlborough-Kaikoura-escape-worst-of-quake. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
  9. "Strong earthquake rocks New Zealand's South Island". BBC News. September 3, 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-11183685. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
  10. "Quake timeline". Stuff.co.nz. 4 September 2010. http://www.stuff.co.nz/national/4096345/Quake-timeline. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
  11. "State of emergency declared in Canterbury". Radio New Zealand. September 4, 2010. http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/christchurch-earthquake/55960/state-of-emergency-declared-in-canterbury. Retrieved September 4, 2010.948
  12. "Magnitude 7.0 - South Island of New Zealand: Summary". United States Geological Survey. 3 September 2010. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010atbj.php#summary. Retrieved 3 September 2010.