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Abilay Khan (1711-1781) was one of the greatest rulers of the Kazakh Khanate, which is now in Kazakhstan. He became Khan (king) in 1736. He became an orphan when he was a child. Abilay Khan already was a famous warrior when he was 20 when he killed a great Dgungarian knight.
During Abilay Khan's reign, the Kazakh Khanate protected their eastern borders from Dgungarian invasion, and northern borders from Tatarian and Bashkirian tribes. When the Dgungarian Khanate was defeated by China, Abilay Khan defended the country from a Chinese invasion.
He was a great diplomat, and a fearless military leader. He united all Kazakh tribes into a strong country in such a hard time to defend their motherland. Today the people of Kazakhstan see him as the father of united Kazakhstan.