Abu-Al-Asar Hafeez Jullundhri

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Abu-Al-Asar Hafeez Jullundhri (14 January 1900 – 1982) was born in Jullundher, Punjab, India.[1] After the partition of India in 1947 he moved to Lahore. He wrote the words for the national anthem of Pakistan. He also wrote the words for an anthem for Kashmir, as well as patriotic songs during the war against India in 1965.[1]

He studied in a mosque and then in a local school to 7th grade. He then did a lot of things to further educate himself. The great Persian poet, Maulana Ghulam Qadir Bilgrami, gave him advice on writing poetry.[1] Hafeez worked hard to earn a reputation as a poet. One of Hafeez's most famous poems is Shahnam-e-Islam, which tells the history of Islam in verse.[1] His poems, written in a blend of Hindi and Urdu, are about romance, religion, patriotism and life. It is known for its gentle rhythm.[1]

Long before Hafeez Jullundhri's lyrics were adopted as the national anthem in 1950s, Pakistan had an anthem written by Jagannath Azad, son of Lahore-based poet Tilok Chand Mahroom. Azad was asked to write the anthem three days before the creation of Pakistan in 1947.

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