Abu Nidal

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Abu Nidal (أبو نضال)
Born Sabri Khalil al-Banna (صبري خليل البنا)
May 1937
Jaffa, Mandatory Palestine
Died 16 August 2002 (age 65)
Baghdad, Iraq
Resting place al-Karakh's Islamic cemetery, Baghdad, in a grave marked "M7"
Nationality Palestinian
Alma mater Cairo University
Occupation Militant
Political party Fatah – The Revolutionary Council (فتح المجلس الثوري)
known as the Abu Nidal Organization, part of the Palestinian rejectionist front
Spouse Hiyam al-Bita
Children One son, two daughters
Parents Hajj Khalil al-Banna (father)

Abu Nidal (Arabic: أبو نضال) (May 1937 – 16 August 2002), born Sabri Khalil al-Banna (Arabic: صبري خليل البنا), was the founder of Fatah – The Revolutionary Council (Arabic: فتح المجلس الثوري), a militant Palestinian separatist group also known as the Abu Nidal Organization (ANO).[1] At the height of his power in the 1970s and 1980s, Abu Nidal was mostly known as the most merciless of the Palestinian political leaders.[2] He told Der Spiegel in a rare interview in 1985: "I am the evil spirit which moves around only at night causing ... nightmares."[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. Melman 1986, p. 213. The Guardian said that he was born in 1939; The Times said 1940; the Truman Institute of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem gave his birth year as 1934. Issam Sartawi told Yossi Melman it was 1936. Melman says it was 1937.
    • There is also disagreement about his name. The Daily Telegraph has written that he was Hasan Sabri al-Banna; the Middle East International has said he was Muhammad Sabri al-Banna. Stewart Steven says in his writing about the Mossad, that he was Sabri Khalil al-Banna or Mazan Sabri al-Banna. The name Khalil comes from his father; it is an Arab tradition that the father's name be added to the son's name. Al-Banna means "the mason" (Melman 1986, pp. 44–45). He was also known as Amin al-Sirr and Sabri Khalil Abd Al Qadir.
  2. See, for example:
  3. Melman 1986, p. 3.