Administrative units of Pakistan

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Pakistan
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Pakistan is a country in Asia. It is divided into four provinces and two territories. Pakistan also administers part of Kashmir. This part is divided into two separate areas. The rest of Kashmir is administered by India.

Provinces and territories[change | edit source]

Provinces and territories of Pakistan.
# Subdivision Capital Type
1 Balochistan Quetta Province
2 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Peshawar Province
3 Punjab Lahore Province
4 Sindh Karachi Province
5 Islamabad Capital Territory Islamabad Territory
6 Federally Administered Tribal Areas Islamabad Territory
7 Azad Jammu and Kashmir Muzaffarabad Pakistan-administered Kashmir
8 Gilgit-Baltistan Gilgit Pakistan-administered Kashmir

Local government[change | edit source]

A map of Pakistan with district and agency boundaries

Each province of Pakistan is divided into zillas - zillah is an Urdu word (ضلع) meaning district. There are 105 districts in Pakistan.

A district is divided into tehsils (تحصیل). A tehsils is similar to a county. Tehsils are used in all provinces except in Sindh province where the word taluka (Urdu: تعلقه) is used instead. Tehsils may contain villages or towns and cities.

Each tehsil is further divided into union councils. A union council is the smallest part of local government in Pakistan. They are sometimes made up of a few villages.

There are over 5,000 local government areas in Pakistan. Since 2001, these have been led by democratically elected local councils, each headed by a Nazim (the word means "supervisor" in Urdu, but is sometimes translated as mayor). Women have been allotted a minimum of 33% seats in these councils; there is no maximum limit to the number of women in these councils.

History[change | edit source]

In the 1960s, Pakistan was simply divided into two "units" these were East Pakistan and West Pakistan. Shortly before East Pakistan became independent as Bangladesh, West Pakistan reverted to a system with four provinces. The provinces consisted of subunits called "divisions", which were further subdivided into districts, tehsils, and villages or municipalities.

In August 2000, Pervez Musharraf's local government reforms abolished the "division" as an administrative tier. A system of local government councils was established, with the first elections being held in 2001. Since then Pakistan has had greatly changed the local government system. The government had a plan to allow devolution. This plan according to the government "follows the principle of subsidiarity, whereby all functions that can be effectively performed at the local level are transferred to that level."

This means mean that decisions are made locally by people who live in the area and not in far away cities.

Other websites[change | edit source]