Adolf Anderssen

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Adolf Anderssen
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Full name Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen
Country  Germany
Born
July 6, 1818(1818-07-06)
Breslau, now Wrocław, Poland
Died
March 13, 1879(1879-03-13) (aged 60)
World Champion 1851–1858, 1860–1866, 1868–1871 (unofficial)

Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen (Breslau, 6 July 1818 – Breslau, 13 March 1879) was a German chess master, and a teacher of mathematics. He was recognised as the best player in the world for much of the time between 1851 to 1870. He won three great international tournaments: the first in London 1851, then London 1862 and Baden-Baden 1870. Anderssen was somewhat less good in matches, and lost in 1858 to Paul Morphy and, narrowly, to Steinitz in 1866. He was also a chess problem composer.[1]p16

Anderssen became the most successful tournament player in Europe, winning over half the events he entered—including the Baden-Baden 1870 tournament, which is comparable to modern strong GM tournaments. His last success was at Leipzig in 1877 where he came second equal with Zukertort, behind Paulsen. He was then nearly 60.

He is still famous for his brilliant sacrificial attacking play, particularly in the 'Immortal Game' (1851) and the 'Evergreen Game' (1852). He was also one of the most likeable of chess masters and became an elder statesman of the game, to whom others turned for advice or arbitration.

Games[change | change source]

  • Gottschall, Hermann von 1912 (reprint 2006). Adolf Anderssen, der Altmeister deutscher Schachspielkunst. Elibron Classics. ISBN 0-543-77333-7.
  • Bachmann, Ludwig 1914. Schachmeister Anderssen. Anspach.

References[change | change source]

  1. Hooper, David and Whyld, Kenneth 1992. The Oxford companion to chess 2nd ed, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280049-3.