Alexander Hamilton

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Alexander Hamilton
1st United States Secretary of the Treasury
In office
September 11, 1789 – January 31, 1795
President George Washington
Preceded by None (New office)
Succeeded by Oliver Wolcott, Jr.
Delegate from New York to the Congress of the Confederation
In office
1788–1789
Delegate from New York to the Constitutional Convention
In office
1787–1787
Delegate from New York County to the New York State Legislature
In office
1787–1788
Delegate from New York to the Annapolis Convention
In office
1786–1786
Delegate from New York to the Congress of the Confederation
In office
1782–1783
Personal details
Born January 11, 1755 or 1757
Nevis, Caribbean (now Saint Kitts and Nevis)
Died July 12, 1804 (aged 49 or 47)
New York City, New York
Political party Federalist
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton
Profession military officer, lawyer, financier, political theorist
Religion Episcopalian at his death
Military service
Allegiance Province of New York (began 1775)
State of New York (began 1776)
United States of America (began 1777)
Service/branch New York Provincial Company of Artillery
Continental Army
United States Army
Years of service 1775–1776 (Militia)
1776–1781
1798–1800
Rank Beginning:
Lieutenant Lieutenant (Artillery)
Highest:
Major General Major General (Senior Officer of the United States Army)
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War
Battle of White Plains
Battle of Trenton
Battle of Princeton
Battle of Monmouth
Battle of Yorktown
Quasi-War

Alexander Hamilton (born January 11, year unknown - probably 1755 or 1757–died July 12, 1804) was the United States' first Secretary of the Treasury, and was known for the creation of a national bank.

Early Life[change | edit source]

Hamilton was not born in the United States. He was from the Caribbean island of Nevis. His father was named James Hamilton and his mother was named Rachel Fawcett Lavien. Hamilton's mother had a child from a previous marriage that she left behind when she moved to Nevis. At the time, this meant that Hamilton was illegitimate since his mother and father were not legally married. He was very sensitive about this fact.

Hamilton graduated from Columbia University, which was known then as Kings College. He wanted to go to Princeton but was not accepted.

Career[change | edit source]

Early in the American Revolution Hamilton was an artillery officer. Later he served on George Washington's staff. In 1789 he was co-author of the Federalist Papers. After being Secretary of the Treasury he worked as a lawyer and continued to lead the Federalist Party.

Death[change | edit source]

Hamilton was killed in 1804 in a duel with Vice President Aaron Burr.[1]

Legacy[change | edit source]

Hamilton on the $10 bill

Hamilton is shown on the face of the U.S. 10 dollar bill.

Hamilton is one of only two non-presidents honored on commonly used notes.[2]

Some of Hamilton's words are still quoted. For example,

  • "He who stands for nothing will fall for anything."[3]
  • "I never expect a perfect work from an imperfect man."[3]

References[change | edit source]

  1. "Families re-enact famous US duel". BBC News. 2004-07-11. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/3885191.stm. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
  2. The other non-president honored on US money is Benjamin Franklin.
  3. 3.0 3.1 GoodReads.com, "Alexander Hamilton Quotes"; retrieved 2012-10-9.

Other Websites[change | edit source]