Almoravid dynasty

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Almoravid Empire
المرابطون

1040–1147

Flag

Map showing the extent of the Almoravid empire
Capital Aghmat (1040-1062), Marrakech(1062-1147) & Córdoba
Language(s) Berber languages (predominant), Classical Arabic, Mozarab, Hebrew language, African Romance & Andalusian Arabic
Religion Malikite Islam (predominant), Roman Catholic, Ibadi, Judaism & Sufism
Government Caliphate
Caliph
 - 1040-1059 Abdallah ibn Yasin
 - 1146–1147 Ishaq ibn Ali
History
 - Established 1040
 - Disestablished 1147
Area 3,885,000 km2 (1,500,007 sq mi)
Currency Dinar & Maravedi
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Lamtuna
Taifa of Mallorca
Taifa of Almería
Taifa of Badajoz
Taifa of Beja and Évora
Córdoban Republic
Taifa of Guadix and Baza
Almohad
Taifa of Málaga
Taifa of Silves
Taifa of Niebla
Purchena
Banu Hilal
Taifa of Murcia
Aroudant
Taifa of Valencia

The Almoravids were a Berber[1] dynasty from the Sahara that ruled over a wide area of northwestern Africa and the Iberian peninsula during the 11th century.

Under this dynasty the Moorish empire included present-day Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Gibraltar, Tlemcen (in Algeria) and a great part of what is now Senegal and Mali in the south, and Spain and Portugal to the north in Europe. At its greatest extent, the empire stretched 3,000 kilometres north to south (an all-time latitude spanner until Spanish America).

Rulers[change | edit source]

  • Abdallah ibn Yasin (1040-1059)
  • Yusuf ibn Tashfin (1061–1106)
  • Ali ibn Yusuf (1106–42)
  • Tashfin ibn Ali (1142–46)
  • Ibrahim ibn Tashfin (1146)
  • Ishaq ibn Ali (1146–1147)

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Glick, Thomas F. Islamic And Christian Spain in the Early Middle Ages. (2005) Brill Academic Publishers page 37
  • General History of Africa, Africa from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century, Ed. M. Elfasi, Ch. 13 I.Hrbek and J.Devisse, The Almoravids (pp. 336–366), UNESCO, 1988
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Other websites[change | edit source]