Ancona (it:Ancona) is a city and seaport in the province of Ancona in Marche, Italy. It has about 102.000 inhabitants. Ancona is on the Adriatic Sea and is the center of the province of Ancona and the capital of the region. The city is 280 km northeast of Rome.
The town is finely situated on and between the slopes of the two extremities of the promontory of Monte Conero, Monte Astagno and Monte Guasco.
- The Cathedral of Ancona, dedicated to St Cyriacus, was consecrated at the beginning of the 11th century and completed in 1189. It is a fine Romanesque building in grey stone, built in the form of a Greek cross, and other elements of Byzantine art. It has a dodecagonal dome over the center slightly altered by Margaritone d'Arezzo in 1270. The interior, which has a crypt under each transept, in the main preserves its original character. It has ten columns which are attributed to the temple of Venus, and there are good screens of the 12th century, and other sculptures. The church was carefully restored in the 1980s.
- The marble Arch of Trajan, 18 m high, was erected in 114/115 as an entrance to the causeway atop the harbor wall in honor of the emperor who had made the harbor, is one of the finest Roman monuments in the Marche.
- The Lazzaretto planned by architect Luigi Vanvitelli in 1732 is a pentagonal building covering more than 20,000 m², It is currently used for cultural exhibits.
- The Episcopal Palace was the place where Pope Pius II died in 1464.
- The Palazzo del Comune, with its lofty arched substructures at the back, was the work of Margaritone d'Arezzo, but has been restored twice.
- Church of San Francesco alle Scale
There are also several fine late Gothic buildings, including the Palazzo Benincasa, the Palazzo del Senato and the Loggia dei Mercanti, all by Giorgio da Sebenico, and the prefecture, which has Renaissance additions.
- San Ciriaco - La cattedrale di Ancona, Federico Motta editore, 2003