Anne Marie d'Orléans
|Anne Marie d'Orléans|
|Anne Marie as Queen held at the Villa della Regina|
|Tenure||10 April 1684 – 22 September 1713|
|Tenure||22 September 1713 – 24 August 1720|
|Tenure||24 August 1720 - 26 August 1728|
|Spouse||Victor Amadeus II of Savoy|
|Maria Adélaïde, Dauphine of France
Maria Luisa, Queen of Spain
Victor Amadeus, Prince of Piedmont
Charles Emmanuel III
|Anne Marie d'Orléans|
|House||House of Savoy
House of Orléans
|Father||Philippe I, Duke of Orléans|
|Mother||Princess Henrietta of England|
|Born||27 August 1669
Château de Saint-Cloud, France
|Died||26 August 1728
Villa della Regina, Piedmont
|Burial||28 August 1728
Church of Saint Giovanni, Turin
Anne Marie d'Orléans (27 August 1669 - 26 August 1728) was a niece of Louis XIV and was the wife of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia. She was the mother-in-law of Philip V of Spain and the Dauphin of France.
Youth[change | change source]
She was born at the Château de Saint-Cloud. Her mother died when she was ten months old. A year later, her father remarried Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate. Her half-brother Philippe d'Orléans, the future Regent of France. Her stepmother described her as one of the most amiable and virtuous of women.
Marriage[change | change source]
Anne Marie d'Orléans' proxy marriage to Víctor Amadeus II took place at Versailles on 10 April 1684. Louis XIV gave her a dowry of 900,000 livres. She met her husband at Chambéry the following 6 May which were followed by another wedding ceremony. She was the mother of eight children. Anne Marie loved her husband greatly but he soon turned his attentions to his mistresses, one being the famous Jeanne Baptiste d'Albert de Luynes. Anne Marie's eldest child, Marie Adélaïde of Savoy, was sent to Versailles as a young girl in order to learn her future role as queen of France, but she died in 1712. Her husband had two further children with Jeanne Baptiste d'Albert de Luynes, his mistress from 1689 till 1700. Nonetheless, when he fell ill with smallpox, she nursed him until his recovery.
In November 1701, her third daughter, Maria Luisa, then barely thirteen years old, married Philip V of Spain. In 1706, during the siege of Turin by French forces under the command of her half-brother Philippe d'Orléans, and Spanish forces from her cousin Philip V of Spain, she and her sons, Victor Amadeus and Carlo Emanuele, were forced to flee the city.
Queen consort[change | change source]
As a result of his aid in the War of the Spanish Succession Victor Amadeus II was made King of Sicily in 1713 under the Treaty of Utrecht which ended the war. However Victor Amadeus II was forced to exchange Sicily for the less important kingdom of Sardinia in 1720. As queen, Anne Marie used the Royal Palace of Turin as well as the Villa della Regina which was her own property. Queen Anne Marie died of heart failure at her villa on 26 August 1728, the day before her 59th birthday. She is today buried at the Basilica of Superga in Turin being moved there in 1786 by her son Victor Amadeus III. Her husband, Víctor Amadeus II, abdicated in favour of his son in 1730, and died two years later having married a commoner.
Jacobite succession[change | change source]
From 1714 to 1720, Anne Marie d'Orléans was the heiress presumptive to the Jacobite claim to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland. These claims were held at the time by James Francis Edward Stuart (son of James II) upon the death of his half-sister, Queen Anne. Anne Marie was displaced as his heir by the birth of the Old Pretender's son, Charles Edward Stuart ("Bonnie Prince Charlie") in December 1720. Through Anne Marie descend the current post-Stuart legitimist claims of the Jacobites to the English and Scottish thrones.
Issue[change | change source]
- Marie Adelaide of Savoy (1685-1712) married Louis, Duke of Burgundy and was the mother of Louis XV of France.
- Maria Anna of Savoy (1687-1690) died in infancy.
- Maria Luisa of Savoy (1688-1714) married Philip V of Spain and had issue,
- Stillborn daughter (1691).
- Victor Amadeus, Prince of Piedmont (1699-1715) died unmarried.
- Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia (1701-1773) married Anne Christine of Sulzbach and had issue, married Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg and had issue, married Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine and had issue.
- Emanuele Philibert of Savoy (1705-1705) Duke of Chablais died in infancy.
Titles, styles, honours and arms[change | change source]
Titles and styles[change | change source]
- 27 August 1669 – 30 August 1679: Her Royal Highness Mademoiselle de Valois
- 30 August 1679 – 10 April 1684: Her Royal Highness Mademoiselle
- 10 April 1684 – 22 September 1713: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Savoy
- 22 September 1713 – 24 August 1720: Her Majesty The Queen of Sicily
- 24 August 1720 – 26 August 1728: Her Majesty The Queen of Sardinia