Apollo 1

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Apollo 1
Mission insignia
Apollo 1 patch.png
Mission statistics
Mission name Apollo 1
Command Module CM-012
Service Module SM-012
Spacecraft mass 45,000 pounds (20,000 kg)
Crew size 3
Booster Saturn IB SA-204
Launch pad LC 34
Cape Kennedy
Florida, USA
Launch date February 21, 1967 (planned)
Mission duration Up to 14 days (planned)
Apogee 160 nautical miles (300 km) (planned)
Perigee 120 nautical miles (220 km) (planned)
Orbital period ~89.7 minutes (planned)
Orbital inclination ~31° (planned)
Crew photo
Left to right: Grissom, White, Chaffee
Left to right: Grissom, White, Chaffee
Related missions
Previous mission Next mission
AS-202 Apollo 4
Italics indicate parameters for the planned mission canceled following the January 27 fire.
a The intended recovery carrier was the USS Essex.

Apollo 1 was the planned first mission in the Apollo program. The aim of the mission was to do the first manned test flight of the Apollo Command/Service Module (CSM) in Earth orbit. It had a planned launch date of February 21, 1967. However, a cabin fire during a launch pad test killed the crew members and destroyed the Command Module. This fire happened on January 27, 1967 at Cape Canaveral and killed all three crew members—Command Pilot Virgil "Gus" Grissom, Senior Pilot Edward H. White and Pilot Roger B. Chaffee. The cause of the fire has never been found. But scientists found a wide range of lethal design and construction problems in the Command Module. The manned phase of the Apollo program was stopped for 20 months while these problems were fixed.