Apollo 14

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Apollo 14
Mission insignia
Apollo 14-insignia.png
Mission statistics[1]
Mission name Apollo 14
Command Module CM-110
callsign Kitty Hawk
mass 29,240 kg
Service Module SM-110
Lunar Module LM-8
callsign Antares
mass 15,264 kg
Crew size 3
Booster Saturn V SA-509
Launch pad LC 39A
Kennedy Space Center
Florida, USA
Launch date January 31, 1971
21:03:02 UTC
Lunar landing
February 5, 1971   09:18:11 UTC
Fra Mauro
3°38′43.08″S 17°28′16.90″W / 3.6453°S 17.471361°W / -3.6453; -17.471361
(based on the IAU
Mean Earth Polar Axis coordinate system)
Lunar EVA duration First 04:47:50
Second   04:34:41
Total 09:22:31
Lunar surface time 1 d 09 h 30 m 29 s
Lunar sample mass 42.28 kg (93.21 lb)
Time in lunar orbit 2 d 18 h 35 m 39 s
Landing February 9, 1971
21:05:00 UTC
27°1′S 172°39′W / 27.017°S 172.65°W / -27.017; -172.65
Mission duration 9 d 00 h 01 m 58 s
Crew photo
Left to right: Roosa, Shepard, Mitchell
Left to right: Roosa, Shepard, Mitchell
Related missions
Previous mission Next mission
Apollo 13-insignia.png Apollo 13 Apollo 15-insignia.png Apollo 15

Apollo 14 was the eighth manned mission in the Apollo program. It was the third mission to land on the Moon. The nine-day mission left the Earth on January 31, 1971, and landed on the Moon on February 5. The Lunar Module landed in the Fra Mauro formation; this had been the target of the ill-fated Apollo 13 mission. During the two walks on the Moon's surface, 93.2 lb (42 kg) of moon rock was collected. Several experiments, including seismic studies, were carried out. Commander Alan Shepard famously hit two golf balls on the lunar surface with a make-shift club he had brought from Earth. Command Module Pilot Stuart Roosa took several hundred seeds on the mission, many of which were planted on return, resulting in the so called Moon trees.[2] The pilot of the Lunar Module was Dr. Edgar Mitchell.

LRO finds the site[change | edit source]

In June 2009, the NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter was able to photograph the Apollo 14 landing site. The base of the lunar module and the astronauts footprints on the Moon's suface could be clearly seen.[3]

References[change | edit source]