Application-specific integrated circuit
ASIC or Application-specific integrated circuit is a kind of integrated circuit. It is built for a particular use instead of for general-purpose use. Digital circuits are a common form of ASIC, but analog circuits were manufactured beginning in the latter half of the 1990s.
ASIC has advantages compared to Programmable Logic Device or Standard Logic IC. First, ASIC has a miniaturized embodiment size. Second, ASIC can improve speed. Third, ASIC needs less electric power to operate. There are also disadvantages of ASIC. First, the cost per a unit can be expensive when producing a small number of units because of the expensive cost in producing a mask.. Second, they can be hard to design and it is expensive and wastes time if they need to be redesigned. Third, the time of a manufacturing process can be long.
Gate array design [change]
With prepared foundation which has elementary gate circuit at first base, (we) manufacture the products with putting ordered proper wire-layers. Its manufacturing due is short because a finished product needs only production of wire-layers and it is cheap because (we) mass-produce its foundation. However, because (we) form a circuit with formation of standard gate, it has worse contact rate and efficiency.
Cell base design [change]
wire-layer is made between block that was designed and arranged and logical circuit. and product is manufactured . performance is better than gate array. but time of making cell base is longer than time of making gate array. and cost of making cell base is more expensive than cost of making gate array.
Embedded array design [change]
Instead of part of gate array base, finished functional block were located. It was rest of theory for wired to use part of gate array. It was called that gate array and basis of cell were compro-mising.
Standard cell design [change]
standard cell is a general term for gate array, cell base, embedded array. if standard cell is cell base IC, direction is different each company.
Structured ASIC design [change]
For reduce time of development. a wide use block, which are similar with input and output interface and SRAM and PPL, was arranged on Basis of gate array in advance. Because It was able to correspond with minimum of individual plan. We could see that Company of Distributed circuit, which had wired to use exclusive wire-layer, Tried to reduce plan of consumer. It’s very different to Each of company offerd function.