An Archeological site is a physical location where archaeologists work. Usually, evidence has been found (or is suppposed to be there) of a previous cultural achievement. The archeologists working there will classify what they find. They may also change the site so that what has been found can be preserved better.
The site will be laden with trenches on specific rows or points (depending on the location of the excavation) so that excavation teams can excavate better. To start the excavation, the topsoil will be removed and special tools like pickaxes and mattocks would be particularly useful for breaking up and removing very hard compacted spoil. Shovels and spades are used to clear away bulk debris left from picks and mattocks. Other hand tools used in bulk clean up work would include hoes, rakes, forks, and of course the wheelbarrow to cart it all away. In some circumstances all of the spoil will be fine sieved, from the wheelbarrow, before dumping into a waste area.