Arkose (//) is a kind of sandstone that is rich in the mineral feldspar It is normally made mostly of quartz, but also contains at least 25% feldspar. It may also consist of fragments (bits) of rock. Arkose usually contains small amounts of calcite cement, which may also contain iron oxide. Arkose is normally grey to reddish in colour. The sand grains making up arkose are usually coarse.
Arkose is generally formed from the weathering of igneous or metamorphic rocks (usually granite) that contain a lot of feldspar and quartz. Arkose is often found with conglomerate deposits where the sediment is made of granite. The central Australian monolith Uluru is made of late Neoproterozoic/Cambrian arkose, deposited by the erosion a granite-based mountain range.
References[change | edit source]
- Folk, R.L. (1974). Petrology of Sedimentary Rocks. Hemphill. ISBN 0-914696-14-9. http://www.lib.utexas.edu/geo/folkready/folkprefrev.html.
- Stow, D.A.V. (2005). Sedimentary rocks in the field. Manson. ISBN 1-874545-69-3.
- Sweet, I.P., Crick, I.H. (1991). Uluṟu & Kata Tjuṯa: A Geological History. Australian Geological Survey Organization. ISBN 0-644-25681-8.