Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

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The Duke of Wellington
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
22 January 1828 – 16 November 1830
17 November 1834–9 December 1834
Preceded by The Viscount Goderich
The Viscount Melbourne
Succeeded by The Earl Grey
Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Personal details
Born 1 May 1769(1769-05-01)
Dublin
Died 14 September 1852(1852-09-14) (aged 83)
Walmer, Kent
Political party Tory

Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS (1 May 1769–14 September 1852) was an Irish-born British soldier and statesman. He is widely thought to be one of the best military and political people of the 19th century. Wellington was a Tory Prime Minister of the United Kingdom two times. He was one of the leading figures in the House of Lords until his retirement in 1846.

Starting as an ensign in the British Army, he served well in the Napoleonic Wars, eventually reaching the rank of field marshal. As a general, Wellington is often compared to the 1st Duke of Marlborough. They had many things in common including dealing in politics after a highly successful military career.

Titles[change | change source]

  • The Honorable Arthur Wesley (birth–7 March 1787)
  • Ensign The Hon. Arthur Wesley (7 March 1787–25 December 1787)
  • Lieutenant The Hon. Arthur Wesley (25 December 1787–30 June 1791)
  • Captain The Hon. Arthur Wesley (30 June 1791–30 April 1793)
  • Major The Hon. Arthur Wesley (30 April 1793–30 September 1793)
  • Lieutenant-Colonel The Hon. Arthur Wesley (30 September 1793–3 May 1796)
  • Colonel The Hon. Arthur Wesley (3 May 1796–19 May 1798)
  • Colonel The Hon. Arthur Wellesley (19 May 1798–29 April 1802)
  • Major-General The Hon. Arthur Wellesley (29 April 1802–1 September 1804)
  • Major-General The Hon. Sir Arthur Wellesley, KB (1 September 1804–8 April 1807)
  • Major-General The Right Honourable Sir Arthur Wellesley, KB (8 April 1807–25 April 1808)
  • Lieutenant-General The Rt Hon. Sir Arthur Wellesley, KB (25 April 1808–4 September 1809)
  • Lieutenant-General The Rt Hon. The Viscount Wellington, KB, PC (4 September 1809–May 1811)
  • General The Rt Hon. The Viscount Wellington, KB, PC (May 1811–28 February 1812)
  • General The Rt Hon. The Earl of Wellington, KB, PC (28 February 1812–3 October 1812)
  • General The Most Honourable The Marquess of Wellington, KB, PC (3 October 1812–4 March 1813)
  • General The Most Hon. The Marquess of Wellington, KG, KB, PC (4 March 1813–21 June 1813)
  • Field Marshal The Most Hon. The Marquess of Wellington, KG, KB, PC (21 June 1813–11 May 1814)
  • Field Marshal His Grace The Duke of Wellington, KG, KB, PC (11 May 1814–2 January 1815)
  • Field Marshal His Grace The Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, PC (2 January 1815–14 September 1852)