Ashoka the Great
Ashoka (sometimes written as Asoka) means "He who is loved by the Gods and who is friendly to everyone". He was an Indian emperor, of the Maurya Dynasty of India who ruled from 273 BCE to 232 BCE. Often cited as one of India's greatest emperor, Ashoka reigned over most of present-day India after a number of military conquests. After fighting a war with the kingdom of Kalinga in which there were 200,000+ casualties, he decided to become a Buddhist and lead with peace, not war. In order to accomplish this, he set up hospitals for animals and humans, created shaded and rested areas along roads for weary travelers to rest, and dug wells in villages. We know these things about his life through various rock and pillar edicts.