Atlanta

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City of Atlanta
City
From top left: City skyline from Buckhead, the Georgia State Capitol, Centennial Olympic Park, World of Coca Cola, Downtown Atlanta skyline, and Turner Field

Flag

Seal
Motto: Resurgens (English translation: Rising Again)
Location and all 6 Zones in Fulton, DeKalb,Cobb County, Clayton County, and Gwinnett County counties and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 33°45′18″N 84°23′24″W / 33.755°N 84.39°W / 33.755; -84.39Coordinates: 33°45′18″N 84°23′24″W / 33.755°N 84.39°W / 33.755; -84.39
Country United States
State Georgia
County Fulton, DeKalb, Clayton County, Cobb County
Terminus 1837
Marthasville 1843
City of Atlanta 1847
Government
 • Mayor Kaseem Reed (D)
Area
 • City 132.4 sq mi (343.0 km2)
 • Land 131.8 sq mi (341.2 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2)
 • Urban 1,962.9 sq mi (5,084 km2)
 • Metro 8,376 sq mi (21,690 km2)
Elevation 738-1,050 ft (225-320 m)
Population (2008)
 • City 537,958 (33rd)
 • Density 4,018/sq mi (1,514/km2)
 • Urban 3,499,840
 • Urban density 1,783/sq mi (688/km2)
 • Metro 5,376,290 (8th)
 • Metro density 630/sq mi (243/km2)
 • Demonym Atlantan
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 30060, 30301-30322, 30324-30334, 30336-30350, 30353
Area code(s) 404, 470, 678, 770
FIPS code 13-04000[1]
GNIS feature ID 0351615[2]
Major airport Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport- ATL

Atlanta is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Georgia. It is one of the South's largest cities. Atlanta is known as a major business city. It is the home of Coca-Cola Company, CNN, AT&T, and Home Depot, as well as many other Fortune 500 companies. Coca-Cola, which is made in Atlanta, is drunk all over the world and it's factory is a favorite tourist destination. CNN is also a big tourist attraction. Atlanta's airport, called Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport, is the busiest airport in the world. Atlanta is near the center of Georgia and is on the Chattahoochee River.

History[change | edit source]

Atlanta was built on Cherokee Native American land. It was called Terminus until 1843, when the name was changed to Marthasville. In 1845 the name was changed again to Atlanta.

During the American Civil War, Atlanta was where several battles happened. Some of the battles were the Battle of Peachtree Creek, the Battle of Atlanta, and the Battle of Ezra Church. The city was burnt down and almost entirely destroyed. After the war, the city was built again, and got a nickname because it was built so fast: "the Phoenix City", after the bird which burns itself then rises from the ashes in old myths. A picture of the bird is on the city seal.

Atlanta became the state capital in 1868.

There have been racial problems in Atlanta. During riots in 1906, at least 12 people died and more than 70 other people were hurt. In 1913, a Jewish man named Leo Frank was tried in court for raping and killing a girl in a factory where he worked. He was found guilty, but then the government decided not to execute him because not everyone was convinced he had done it. This upset people who thought he had killed the girl, and there were more riots in 1915 and Frank was lynched (hanged with a rope until he died).

In the 1930s, the Great Depression came to Atlanta. Many people did not have jobs and were hungry. The city government was almost out of money and the Coca-Cola company gave the city some money to help. In 1935, the government built the first federal housing project in the United States.

Atlanta's airport is named Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. It is the busiest airport in the world. Delta Air Lines is an airline that has its main office in Atlanta, and it uses Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport for many of its flights.

Turner Broadcasting, which broadcasts CNN, has their main office in Atlanta. The Coca Cola Company also has their main office in Atlanta.

Education[change | edit source]

Atlanta's public school system has about 100 schools and 48,000 students. It tests the academic performance of students. The job performance of teachers and administrators are based on the results of these tests. In 2009, 178 teachers and administrators seem to have cheated to raise their student's test scores. Of the 178, 82 admitted to cheating. As a result, several area superintendents and school principals lost their jobs. The school board hired Erroll Davis Jr., a retired energy executive, as an interim school superintendent in July 2011. The Atlanta cheating scandal is one of the biggest in the nation.[3]

Events[change | edit source]

  • 1996 - The Olympic Games took place in Atlanta.
  • 2000 - The census records Atlanta's population as 416,474 people.
  • 1991 - The birth of Hilary Fisher, Atlanta Superstar and Socialite. Hilary became famous after her infamous 21st birthday evening in Buenos Aires

References[change | edit source]

  1. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. Martin, Timothy (July 13, 2011). "Atlanta School Scandal Sparks House Cleaning". Wall Street Journal: p. A3.