August

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August is the eighth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, coming between July and September. It has 31 days, the same number of days as the previous month, July, and is named after Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar.

The Month[change | change source]

Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar, after whom August is named

This month was first called Sextilis in Latin, because it was the sixth month in the old Roman calendar. The Roman calendar began in March about 735 BC with Romulus. October was the eighth month. August was the eighth month when January or February were added to the start of the year by King Numa Pompilius about 700 BC. Or, when those two months were moved from the end to the beginning of the year by the decemvirs about 450 BC (Roman writers disagree). In 153 BC January 1 was determined as the beginning of the year.

August is named for Augustus Caesar who became Roman consul in this month.[1] The month has 31 days because Julius Caesar added two days when he created the Julian calendar in 45 BC. August is after July and before September.

August, in either hemisphere, is the seasonal equivalent of February in the other. In the Northern hemisphere it is a summer month and it is a winter month in the Southern hemisphere. In a common year, no other month begins on the same day of the week as August, though in leap years, February starts on the same day as August. August always ends on the same day of the week as November.

August's flower is the Gladiolus with the birthstone being peridot. The astrological signs for August are Leo (July 24 - August 22) and Virgo (August 23 - September 23).

August observances[change | change source]

Fixed observances and events[change | change source]

Flags celebrating Switzerland's national day on August 1.

Moveable and Monthlong events[change | change source]

Military Tattoo at Edinburgh Castle.


Selection of Historical Events[change | change source]

Foundation Document of Switzerland
Sukarno declaring Indonesia independent.
Krakatoa exploded on August 27, 1883.
Martin Luther King, Jr. at the March on Washington on August 28, 1963.


References[change | change source]

Months of the Year

January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December