Australian gold rush

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Looking for gold in Queensland, about 1870

The Australian gold rush was a large number of gold discoveries in Australia. Thousands of people came to Australia in the hope of finding a lot of gold and becoming rich. The rush started in 1851 when gold was found near Bathurst, New South Wales and ended with the last rush in 1893 to Kalgoorlie, Western Australia. At each place gold was easily found in rivers and creeks. This was known as alluvial gold and could be found by individual miners using very basic equipment such as a spade and a dish. In most places this alluvial gold was taken in the first few months. To get at the gold that was buried deeper in the ground meant that miners needed to work together and dig tunnels. Eventually large companies were started to raise money so that deep gold mines could be built.

The gold rushes happened when alluvial gold was found. Miners would quickly move there in the hope of being the first to find the surface gold. For example miners rushing to Clunes, Victoria in August 1851, quickly changed their minds and went to Buninyong when they heard of a new gold discovery. Weeks later gold was found at Ballarat a few miles to the north and within six weeks there were more than 10,000 people digging. But by 1852 most miners had left Ballarat and rushed to the new goldfields at Bendigo.[1]:48

Before the rush[change | edit source]

Gold had been found in Australia before the 1851 gold rush. At first people would not believe the stories. A convict who found gold near Bathurst in 1823 was given 150 lashes with a whip as it was believed he must have stolen it.[1]:37 The explorer Count Paul Strzelecki found gold in the Australian Alps in 1839. The government kept it a secret as they did not want to lose control of the convicts if they went rushing off to search for gold.[1]:38 Gold was also found at:

Gold rushes in New South Wales[change | edit source]

The first gold rush was in New South Wales. There were many others during the next 30 years.

Gold rushes in Victoria[change | edit source]

Site of the first gold discovery, Poverty Point, Ballarat

Gold rushes in South Australia[change | edit source]

Gold rushes in Western Australia[change | edit source]

Gold rushes in Queensland[change | edit source]

Gold rushes in the Northern Territory[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 Hocking, Geoff (2000). To the diggings. Melbourne, Victoria: Thomas C. Lothian Pty. Ltd.. ISBN 0 344 01140.
  2. "Hill End, NSW - Place - Electronic Encyclopedia of Gold in Australia". egold.net.au. 2010. http://www.egold.net.au/biogs/EG00156b.htm. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  3. "History of Young". young.nsw.gov.au. 2010. http://www.young.nsw.gov.au/culturalmap/history/history.htm. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  4. "Forbes, NSW - Place - Electronic Encyclopedia of Gold in Australia". egold.net.au. 2010. http://www.egold.net.au/biogs/EG00158b.htm. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  5. "Early History Of Parkes". library.parkes.nsw.gov.au. 2006. http://library.parkes.nsw.gov.au/history/index.htm. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  6. "Gulgong Golden History p.1". mudgeehistory.com.au. 2011. http://www.mudgeehistory.com.au/gulgong/gulgong1.html. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  7. "West Wyalong : About New South Wales". about.nsw.gov.au. 2011 [last update]. http://about.nsw.gov.au/view/suburb/West%20Wyalong/. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 Coupe, Robert (2000). Australia's gold rushes. Sydney, Australia: New Holland. ISBN 1 86436 547 1.