Auvergne

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Coordinates: 45°47′N 3°05′E / 45.783°N 3.083°E / 45.783; 3.083
Auvergne
Region
Flag of Auvergne.svg
Flag
Blason de l'Auvergne.svg
Symbol
Country  France
Préfecture Clermont-Ferrand
 - coordinates 45°47′N 3°05′E / 45.783°N 3.083°E / 45.783; 3.083
Area 26,013 km² (10,044 sq mi)
Population 1,355,630 (2013) [1]
Density 52 /km² (135 /sq mi)
Subdivisions 4 departments
158 cantons
1,310 communes
President René Souchon
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166-2 FR-C
Location of Auvergne (in red)
Location of Auvergne (in red)
Website: Auvergne Region

Auvergne (Occitan: Auvèrnhe / Auvèrnha) is a region of France. It is in the Massif Central in south-central France. The inhabitants of the region are known as Auvergnats.

The four departments in Auvergne are Allier, Cantal, Haute-Loire, and Puy-de-Dôme. Its capital (Préfecture) is Clermont-Ferrand.

History[change | change source]

The region of Auvergne was named after the Arverni, one of the most powerful gallic tribes.

The current administrative region of Auvergne was formed with the territory of the old province of Auvergne, most of the territory of the Bourbonnais and small parts of Languedoc and Lyonnais.

During WWII, Vichy (a city in the department of Allier) was the headquarters of the government of the French State.

Geography[change | change source]

The Auvergne region has an area of 26,013 km2 (10,044 sq mi),[2][3] 4.8% of France's total surface area. It borders with six other regions: Burgundy to the northeast, Rhône-Alpes to the east and to the southeast, Languedoc-Roussillon to the south, Midi-Pyrénées to the southwest, Limousin to the west and Centre to the northwest.

The landscape of the region varies greatly, with valleys, mountain, meadows and forests. Much of the regions is in the Massif Central, a high region in south-central France with mountains and plateaus.

There are many dormant volcanoes (volcanoes that are not active) in Auvergne, mainly in the Monts Dore and in the Chaîne des Puys. The highest point in Auvergne is the Puy de Sancy (45°31′42″N 2°48′50″E / 45.52833°N 2.81389°E / 45.52833; 2.81389 (Puy de Sancy)), at 1,885 m (6,184 ft) high.[4]

The northern part of the region (the Allier department) is a land of small hills cut in two parts by a plain, the valley of the Allier river.

Auvergne has about 50 freshwater ponds and lakes. Some are high in the mountains and have volcanic origins. The Guéry Lake is, at 1,244 m (4,081 ft) high in the Puy-de-Dôme department, the highest lake in Auvergne.

The main rivers of the region are the:

  • Loire, that runs through the Haute-Loire in the southeast and then, after returning from the Rhône-Alpes region, makes the northeastern border of the Allier department; and
  • Allier, that runs though the centre of the region.

Departments[change | change source]

The Auvergne region is formed by four departments:

Département Préfecture ISO
3166-2
Population
(2011)[5]
Area
(km²)[2]
Density
(Inh./km²)
Allier Moulins FR-03 342,729   7,340 46.7
Cantal Aurillac FR-15 147,577 5,726 25.8
Haute-Loire Le Puy-en-Velay FR-43 224,907 4,977 45.2
Puy-de-Dôme Clermont-Ferrand FR-63 635,469 7,970 79.7

Demographics[change | change source]

The Auvergne region has a population, in 2013, of 1,355,630,[1] for a population density of 52.1 inhabitants/km2.

Seat of the regional council of Auvergne in Clermont-Ferrand.

The ten main cities in the department are:

City Population
(2011)[5]
Départment
Clermont-Ferrand 140,957 Puy-de-Dôme
Montluçon 38,166 Allier
Aurillac 27,338 Cantal
Vichy 24,992 Allier
Moulins 19,094 Allier
Cournon-d'Auvergne 19,063 Puy-de-Dôme
Le Puy-en-Velay 18,537 Haute-Loire
Riom 18,291 Puy-de-Dôme
Chamalières 17,467 Puy-de-Dôme
Issoire 14,170 Puy-de-Dôme

Economy[change | change source]

The region is predominantly agricultural. Cattle are common and are used both for meat (beef) and for milk, which is made into a number of well-known cheeses such as Bleu d'Auvergne, Cantal, Fourme d'Ambert and Saint-Nectaire.

The main industry in Auvergne is the tyre industry, represented by Michelin, with headquarters and history in Clermont-Ferrand, and Dunlop in Montluçon.

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Évolution de la population totale au 1er janvier 2013" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/tableau.asp?reg_id=10&ref_id=poptc02101. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Departments of France". Statoids. http://www.statoids.com/ufr.html. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  3. "France: Bourgogne [Burgundy"]. City Population. http://www.citypopulation.de/France-Bourgogne.html. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  4. "Puy de Sancy, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9698. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Populations légales 2011" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 10 December 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]