Azure

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This box shows the color azure.
 
lapis lazuli with its azure color

Azure is a color that looks like the color of the sky on a bright, clear day. It is a pure chroma on the RGB color wheel halfway between blue and cyan. The complementary color of azure is orange.

Meaning of azure[change | edit source]

Where the name comes from[change | edit source]

The word azure comes from the Persian لاژورد lazhward. Lazhward was the name of a place. This place was famous for a kind of deep blue stone. Now we call this stone "lapis lazuli". This means "stone of Lazhward".

The word came to Old French by the twelfth century. The French used this word to talk about the colors of coats of arms. From the French the word came to the English. The first recorded use of azure as a color name in English was in 1374.[1]

Heraldry[change | edit source]

Azure tincture

In heraldry, the word azure simply means "blue". Azure is said to represent Jupiter and sapphires.

It belongs to the class of tinctures called "colors". In engraving, it is sometimes depicted as a region of horizontal lines or else marked with either az. or b. as an abbreviation.

In addition to the standard blue tincture called azure, there is a lighter blue sometimes found that is called bleu celeste or "sky blue". Neither azure nor bleu celeste is precisely defined as a particular shade of blue, but azure is consistently depicted in a much darker shade.

Tones of azure color comparison chart[change | edit source]

Azure Mist (web color "Azure") (Hex: #F0FFFF) (RGB: 240, 255, 255)
Alice Blue (web color) (Hex: #F0F8FF) (RGB: 240, 248, 255)
Bubbles (Xona.com color list) (Hex: #E7FEFF) (RGB: 231, 254, 255)
Beau Blue (Plochere) (Hex: #BCD4E6) (RGB: 188, 212, 230)
Baby Blue (Maerz & Paul) (Hex: #89CFF0) (RGB: 137, 207, 240)
Light Cornflower Blue (Crayola: Cornflower) (Hex: #93CCEA) (RGB: 147, 204, 234)
Columbia Blue (Columbia University) (Hex: #9BDDFF) (RGB: 155, 221, 255)
Baby Blue Eyes (Plochere) (Hex: #A1CAF1) (RGB: 161, 202, 241)
Light Sky Blue (web color) (Hex: #87CEFA) (RGB: 135, 296, 250)
Sky Blue (web color) (Hex: #87CEEB) (RGB: 135, 206, 235)
Medium Sky Blue (Crayola: Sky Blue) (Hex: #76D7EA) (RGB: 118, 215, 234)
Capri (Maerz & Paul) (web color "Deep Sky Blue") (Hex: #00BFFF) (RGB: 0, 191, 255)
Maya Blue (www.99colors.net) (Hex: #73C2FB) (RGB: 115, 194, 215)
Jordy Blue (Xona.com color list) (Hex: #8AB9F1) (RGB: 138, 185, 241)
Aero (Maerz & Paul) (Hex: #7CB9E8) (RGB: 124, 185, 232)
Picton Blue (Xona.com color list) (Hex: #45B1E8) (RGB: 69, 177, 232)
Khazakstani Azure (Khazakstani Flag) (Hex: #00AFCA) (RGB: 0, 175, 202
Ukrainian Azure (Ukrainian Flag) (Hex: #42ADDE) (RGB: 66, 173, 222)
United Nations Azure (United Nations Blue) (UN Flag) (Hex: #5B92E5) (RGB: 91, 146, 229)
Bleu de France (Pourpre.com) (Hex: #318CE7) (RGB: 49, 140, 231)
Cornflower Blue (web color) (Hex: #6495ED) (RGB: 100, 149, 237)
Dodger Blue (web color) (Hex: #1E90FF) (RGB: 30, 144, 255)
AZURE (color wheel) (Hex: #007FFF) (RGB: 0, 127, 255)
Brandeis Blue (Brandeis University) (Hex: #0070FF) (RGB: 0, 112, 255)
Deep Azure (Crayola: Blue) (Hex: #0066FF) (RGB: 0, 102, 255)
Royal Blue (web color) (Hex: #4169E1) (RGB: 65, 105, 225)
True Blue (UCLA sports teams) (Hex: #0073CF) (RGB: 0, 115, 207)
Bright Navy Blue (Navy Blue (Crayola)) (Hex: #0066CC) (RGB: 0, 102, 204)
Denim (Crayola) (Hex: #1560BD) (RGB: 21, 96, 189)
Green-Blue (Crayola) (Hex: #1164B4) (RGB: 17, 100, 180)
Star Command Blue (ISCC-NBS) (Hex: #007BB8) (RGB: 0, 123, 184)
Medium Azure (Azure Blue) (Pantone TPX 17-4139) (Hex: #458AC6) (RGB: 69, 138, 198)
Silver Lake Blue (Pantone TPX 17-4030) (Hex: #5D89BA) (RGB: 93, 137, 186)
Air Force Blue (RAF) (Royal Air Force flag) (Hex: #5D8AA8) (RGB: 93, 138, 168)
Air Superiority Blue (U.S. Federal Standard 595 #FS 5450) (Hex: #72A0C1) (RGB: 114, 160, 193)
Wild Blue Yonder (Crayola) (Hex: #A2ADD0) (RGB: 162, 173, 208)
Forget-Me-Not (ISCC-NBS #181) (Hex: #70A3CC) (RGB: 112, 163, 204)
Argentinian Azure (Vexillogy) (color of Argentinian flag) (Hex: #74ACDF) (RGB: 116, 172, 223)
Celestial Blue (Blue Heaven) (Plochere) (Hex: #4997D0) (RGB: 73, 151, 208)
Tufts Blue (Tufts University) (Hex: #417DC1) (RGB: 72, 145, 206)
Steel Blue (web color) (Hex: #4682B4) (RGB: 70, 130, 180)
Cerulean (www.99colors.net) (Hex: #007BA7) (RGB: 0, 123, 167)
French Blue (Maerz & Paul) (Hex: #0072BB) (RGB: 0, 114, 187)
Honolulu Blue (Detroit Lions) (Hex: #006DBA) (RGB: 0, 109, 176)
Blue Yonder (Pantone TPX 18-3937) (Hex: #5072A7) (RGB: 80, 114, 167)
Lapis Lazuli (Pourpre.com) (Hex: #26619c) (RGB: 38, 97, 156)
Swedish Azure (Swedish flag[2]) (Hex: #005B99) (RGB: 0, 91, 153)
Sapphire (Maerz and Paul) (Hex: #0F52BA) (RGB: 15, 82, 186)
Royal Azure (Pantone Blue #286) (Hex: #0038A8) (RGB: 0, 56, 186)
Air Force Blue (USAF) (United States Air Force) (Hex: #00308F) (RGB: 0, 48, 143)
Royal Blue (traditional) (ISCC-NBS) (Hex: #002366) (RGB: 0, 35, 102)


References[change | edit source]

  1. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 190
  2. Most actual Swedish flags are lighter tones of azure.

Related pages[change | edit source]