|Founded||mid-to-late 9th century|
|• Total||104 km2 (40 sq mi)|
|• Religions||Theravada Buddhism|
|Time zone||MST (UTC+6.30)|
Bagan (bəɡàɴ; also called Pagan) is an ancient city located in the Mandalay region of Myanmar. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pagan from the 9th to 13th centuries. During the kingdom's golden age between the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were built in Bagan.
Today, the archaeological remains of over 2,200 of these temples and pagodas can still be seen in the surrounding plains. It is one of the biggest places for tourism in the country.
References[change | edit source]
- Aung-Thwin, Michael (2005). The mists of Rāmañña: The Legend that was Lower Burma (illustrated ed.). Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 0-8248-2886-0, 9780824828868.
- Harvey, G. E. (1925). History of Burma: From the Earliest Times to 10 March 1824. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd.
- Htin Aung, Maung (1967). A History of Burma. New York and London: Cambridge University Press.
- Köllner, Helmut; Axel Bruns (1998). Myanmar (Burma) (illustrated ed.). Hunter Publishing. pp. 255. ISBN 3-88618-415-3, 9783886184156.
- Lieberman, Victor B. (2003). Strange Parallels: Southeast Asia in Global Context, c. 800–1830, volume 1, Integration on the Mainland. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-80496-7.
- Than Tun (1964) (in Burmese). Studies in Burmese History. 1. Yangon: Maha Dagon.
- UNESCO. "Bagan Archaeological Area and Monuments". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/819/. Retrieved 2012-02-18.
Other websites[change | edit source]
- Myanmar (Burma) - Photo Gallery
- All about Bagan
- Images from Bagan and Burma
- Temples of Bagan Photo Gallery Alan Ingram
- Old Bagan Photo Gallery