Bagan

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Bagan
Pagan
Temples in Bagan
Bagan is located in Burma
Bagan
Location of Bagan, Burma
Coordinates: 21°10′N 94°52′E / 21.167°N 94.867°E / 21.167; 94.867Coordinates: 21°10′N 94°52′E / 21.167°N 94.867°E / 21.167; 94.867
Country Burma
Region Mandalay Region
Founded mid-to-late 9th century
Area
 • Total 104 km2 (40 sq mi)
Population
 • Ethnicities Bamar
 • Religions Theravada Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Bagan (bəɡàɴ; also called Pagan) is an ancient city in the Mandalay region of Myanmar. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pagan from the 9th to 13th centuries. During the kingdom's golden age between the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were built in Bagan.

Now, the archaeological remains of over 2,200 of these temples and pagodas are in the surrounding plains. It is one of the biggest places for tourism in the country.


References[change | change source]

  • Aung-Thwin, Michael (2005). The mists of Rāmañña: The Legend that was Lower Burma (illustrated ed.). Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 0-8248-2886-0, 9780824828868.
  • Harvey, G. E. (1925). History of Burma: From the Earliest Times to 10 March 1824. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd.
  • Htin Aung, Maung (1967). A History of Burma. New York and London: Cambridge University Press.
  • Köllner, Helmut; Axel Bruns (1998). Myanmar (Burma) (illustrated ed.). Hunter Publishing. pp. 255. ISBN 3-88618-415-3, 9783886184156.
  • Lieberman, Victor B. (2003). Strange Parallels: Southeast Asia in Global Context, c. 800–1830, volume 1, Integration on the Mainland. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-80496-7.
  • Than Tun (1964) (in Burmese). Studies in Burmese History. 1. Yangon: Maha Dagon.
  • UNESCO. "Bagan Archaeological Area and Monuments". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/819/. Retrieved 2012-02-18.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Bagan at Wikimedia Commons