Bahadur Shah II

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Bahadur Shah II[1] (24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862) (reigned 1837-1858) was the last emperor of the Mughal Empire in India.[2]

Early life[change | change source]

Bahadur Shah was the son of Akbar Shah II.

Reign[change | change source]

Bahadur Shah became the Mughal Emperor after his father's death on 28 September 1837. Bahadur Shah ruled over a Mughal Empire that barely extended beyond Delhi's Red Fort. The East India Company ruled India. The company allowed him a pension. He had no real power in India. After the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British Administration exiled him from Delhi. He was sent to a prison in Rangoon, Burma and died there.

Poet[change | change source]

Bahadur Shah Zafar was known as an Urdu poet, who used the pen-name Zafar. His work was compiled as the Kuliyaat-e-Zafar (Urdu: Collected Works of Zafar)

Notes and references[change | change source]

  1. Bahadur Shah II (Urdu: بہادر شاہ دوم), better known as Bahadur Shah Zafar, born Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar (Urdu: ابو ظفر سِراجُ الْدین محمد بُہادر شاہ ظفر)
  2. British Library, "William Dalrymple on Bahadur Shah II of India," May 2007; retrieved 2012-9-22.

Other Websites[change | change source]

Media related to Bahadur Shah II at Wikimedia Commons

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Akbar Shah II
Mughal Emperor
1837 – 1858
Succeeded by
Victoria of the United Kingdom
as Empress of India