|• Total||743.79 km2 (287.18 sq mi)|
|Elevation||61 m (200 ft)|
|• Density||212/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|Including populations of its municipal districts|
|Demonym||Banilejo (female, banileja)|
|Time zone||AST (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||AST (UTC-4)|
|Distance:||55 km (34 mi) to Azua
65 km (40 mi) to Santo Domingo
Geography[change | change source]
There are nine municipal districts in the Baní municipality (a municipal district in the Dominican Republic are similar to municipalities but they depend on a municipality). Those municipal districts are:
The western and northern part of the municipality (and of the province) has many mountains that are part of the Cordillera Central (in English, "Central mountain range"); this range is called here Sierra de Ocoa.
In the southern half of the municipality there are several small valleys and savannas such as the Peravia Valley, where the city of Baní is located, and Sabana de Paya (Paya savanna) around the town of Paya.
West of Baní, the region is very dry and there are not many people living here except close to rivers and to the coast.
The most important rivers in this municipality are Ocoa and Baní rivers.
Population[change | change source]
The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 157,316: 77,855 men and 79,461 women. The urban population was 69.52% of the total population. In this numbers are included the population of the municipal districts of Catalina, El Carretón, El Limonal, Las Barías and Villa Sombrero. The population of the city of Baní without those municipal districts was 92,153.
History[change | change source]
In 1764, the people that were living in the Peravia Valley bought some land in Cerro Gordo (part of the valley) to build a new town. The new town was given the name of Baní after the river that is found to the east of the town.
After the independence from Haiti in 1844, the country was divided in five provinces and in 1845 Baní was made a municipality of the old Province of Santo Domingo. In 1944, Baní was made the capital city of the new province José Trujillo Valdéz, now with the name of Peravia.
References[change | change source]
- Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
- De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
- Vega, Bernardo (1980) (in Spanish). Los Cacicazgos de la Hispaniola. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Museo del Hombre Dominicano.
- Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
|Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic|
|Azua • Baní • Barahona • Bonao • Comendador • Cotuí • Dajabón • El Seibo • Hato Mayor • Higüey • Jimaní • La Romana • La Vega • Mao • Moca • Monte Cristi • Monte Plata • Nagua • Neiba • Pedernales • Puerto Plata • Sabaneta • Salcedo • Samaná • San Cristóbal • San Francisco de Macorís • San José de Ocoa • San Juan de la Maguana • San Pedro de Macorís • Santiago de los Caballeros • Santo Domingo • Santo Domingo Este|