Barbary lion

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Barbary lion
A Barbary lion from Algeria. The photograph was made by Sir Alfred Edward Pease around 1893.
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Panthera
Species: P. leo
Subspecies: P. l. leo
Trinomial name
Panthera leo leo
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms
Felis leo Linnaeus, 1758
Panthera leo berberisca

The Barbary lion (Panthera leo leo) is a kind of lion. It is either extinct or extinct in the wild. "Extinct in the wild" means that the only living ones are in zoos. Scientists are not sure that there are any Barbary lions still alive. They don't know for sure that there are any zoos with Barbary lions in them.

The Barbary lion is also called the atlas lion and the nubian lion. It is a subspecies of the lion. It used to live in North Africa, from Morocco to Egypt.

Looks and behavior[change | change source]

The Barbary lion is the biggest and heaviest kind of lion. Males weigh about 190 to 230 kilograms (420 to 510 lb), and females weigh about 150 to 190 kilograms (330 to 420 lb). Male lions were about 2.7 to 3.4 metres (8 ft 10 in to 11 ft 2 in) long and females were about 2.1 to 2.7 metres (6 ft 11 in to 8 ft 10 in) long.[1] Some scientists think that these sizes and weights are too large. These scientists think that the Barbary lion is probably the size of the lions found in East Africa.[2]

The places where the Barbary lion lived did not have a lot of food. These lions did not live in prides because of this.[3] (A pride of lions is a family group. It usually includes a male lion, several female lions, and their cubs.) These lions usually lived alone. Sometimes they lived in pairs (two lions lived together.) The female Barbary lion raised her children until they were mature. This took about two years. After that, the children left their mother.[4]

Food[change | change source]

Barbary lions are carnivores. This means they eat only meat. The main animals they hunted in the Atlas Mountains were the Barbary stag and the gazelle. The lions also ate cows and sheep raised by people.[4]

Sources[change | change source]

  1. "Barbary Lion". tigerhomes.org. 1999-2006. http://www.tigerhomes.org/animal/barbary-lion.cfm. Retrieved February 18, 2012.
  2. Patterson, Bruce D. (2004). The lions of Tsavo: exploring the legacy of Africa's notorious man-eaters. McGraw-Hill Professional. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-07-136333-4.
  3. "barbarylion.com". barbarylion.com. 2005. http://www.barbarylion.com/Barbary_Lions.htm. Retrieved February 18, 2012.
  4. 4.0 4.1 http://www.barbarylion.com/Barbary_Lions.htm/