Barbary lion

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Barbary lion
A Barbary lion from Algeria, 1893
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Panthera
Species: P. leo
Trinomial name
Panthera leo leo
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The Barbary lion (Panthera leo leo) is a kind of lion. It is either extinct or extinct in the wild. "Extinct in the wild" means that there may be some living in zoos.

The Barbary lion is also called the atlas lion and the nubian lion. It is a subspecies of the lion. It used to live in North Africa, from Morocco to Egypt.

Looks and behavior[change | change source]

The Barbary lion was large and heavy. Males weighed about 190 to 230 kilograms (420 to 510 lb), and females weighed about 150 to 190 kilograms (330 to 420 lb). Male lions were said to be about 2.7 to 3.4 metres (8 ft 10 in to 11 ft 2 in) long and females were about 2.1 to 2.7 metres (6 ft 11 in to 8 ft 10 in) long.[1] Some scientists think that these sizes and weights are too large. These scientists think that the Barbary lion is probably the size of the lions found in East Africa.[2]

The places where the Barbary lion lived did not have a lot of prey. These lions did not live in prides because of this.[3][4] The main animals they hunted in the Atlas Mountains were the Barbary stag and the gazelle. The lions also ate cows and sheep raised by people.[5]

These lions lived alone, or in pairs. The female Barbary lion raised her cubs until they were mature. This took about two years. After that, the cubs left their mother.[5]

Sources[change | change source]

  1. "Barbary Lion". tigerhomes.org. 1999-2006. http://www.tigerhomes.org/animal/barbary-lion.cfm. Retrieved February 18, 2012.
  2. Patterson, Bruce D. (2004). The lions of Tsavo: exploring the legacy of Africa's notorious man-eaters. McGraw-Hill Professional. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-07-136333-4.
  3. "barbarylion.com". barbarylion.com. 2005. http://www.barbarylion.com/Barbary_Lions.htm. Retrieved February 18, 2012.
  4. A pride of lions is a family group. It usually includes a male lion, several female lions, and their cubs.
  5. 5.0 5.1 http://www.barbarylion.com/Barbary_Lions.htm/