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Temporal range: Late Eocene
A skull of Basilosaurus cetoides
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cetacea
Suborder: Archaeoceti
Family: Basilosauridae
Subfamily: Basilosaurinae
Cope, 1868
Genus: Basilosaurus
Harlan, 1834
Type species
Basilosaurus cetoides
  • B. cetoides
  • B. drazindai
  • B. isis
  • B. wanklyni
  • B. vredensis
  • B. caucasicus
  • B. paulsoni
  • B. puschi
  • B. harwoodi

Basilosaurus ("King Lizard") is a genus of cetacean that lived from 40 to 34 million years ago in the Late Eocene. The first Basilosaurus fossils were found in Louisiana, USA, but another species was soon discovered preserved in large numbers in the Fayum deposits of Egypt.

Reconstruction of Basilosaurus.