Bharat Ratna (Hindi: भारत रत्न, meaning Jewel of India, or Gem of India) is the highest civilian award in India. They are given to people who have given the highest level of service in artistic, literary or scientific achievements. As of 2011, it can also be given to sportspeople.
References[change | edit source]
- Mahajan, Vidya Dhar (1971). The Constitution of India. Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh: Eastern Book Company. p. 169.
- Hoiberg, Dale; Indu Ramchandani (2000). Students' Britannica India. New Delhi: Encyclopædia Britannica (India). Vol. 3, p198. ISBN 978-0-85229-760-5.
- Pylee, Moolamattom Varkey (1971). The Constitution of India. New Delhi: S. Chand & Company Ltd.. p. 114. ISBN 978-81-219-2203-6.
- "Govt changes criteria for Bharat Ratna; now open for all". The Hindu. Press Trust of India. 16 December 2011. http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/article2720348.ece. Retrieved 16 December 2011.