Bharata Natyam

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A female dancer doing the Natraja pose

Bharata Natyam or bharatanatyam,[1] is an Indian classical dance.[2]

Both male and female dancers perform this dance.[3] The classical Indian story-dance can be used to express a complex range of emotions which respond to the actions of the male heroes.[4]

This classical Indian dance attracts interest and study in India and other parts of the world,[5] including China[6] Europe and North America.

History[change | change source]

Bharata Natyam comes from the state of Tamil Nadu.[7][8]

The dance’s origins are recorded in Tamil literary texts of the sixth century BC. It was revived in the late 18th century and again in the early 20th century.[9]

References[change | change source]

  1. In Tamil, Bha means expression, Ra means music, Ta means rhythm and natyam means dance.
  2. Indian Mirror, "Bharatanatyam"; retrieved 2012-7-15.
  3. Bharatanatyam History | Online Bharatanatyam
  4. Shah, Surabhi et al. "Stories from the Ramayana: The Epic Tradition," Harvard Art Museums, November 10, 2010; retrieved 2012-7-15.
  5. Julia Leslie (1992). Roles And Rituals For Hindu Women. Motilal Banarsidass Publ.. pp. 149–. ISBN 978-81-208-1036-5 . http://books.google.com/books?id=sKDm8EH2L3kC&pg=PA149. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
  6. The Hindu : International / India & World: Bharatnatyam gaining popularity in China
  7. International Tamil Language Foundation (2000). The Handbook of Tamil Culture and Heritiage. Chicago: International Tamil Language Foundation. p. 1201.
  8. bharata-natya - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  9. "Colour Contacts, The Dance Form" Museum of London; retrieved 2012-7-15.

Other websites[change | change source]