Bilabial nasal

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Bilabial nasal
m
IPA number 114
Encoding
Entity (decimal) m
Unicode (hex) U+006D
X-SAMPA m
Kirshenbaum m
Sound

 

The bilabial nasal is a type of consonant. It is used in almost all spoken languages. The International Phonetic Alphabet represents this sound as ⟨m⟩. The X-SAMPA symbol for this sound is ⟨m⟩. We can find the bilabial nasal in English, and it is the sound represented by "m" in map and rum.

Nearly all languages contain this sound. A few languages (for example, Mohawk) do not often use this sound.

These are some examples of where the bilabial nasal occurs in various languages:

Language Word IPA Meaning
Arabic Standard[1] مطابخ [mɑˈtˤɑːbiχ] 'kitchens'
Catalan[2] mare [ˈmaɾə] 'mother'
Chinese Cantonese /maan5 [maːn˩˧] 'night'
Mandarin 母親/mǔqīn [mu˨˩ tɕʰin˥] 'mother'
Dutch[3] mond [mɔnt] 'mouth'
English him [hɪm] 'him'
Finnish minä [minæ] 'I'
French[4] manger [mɑ̃ʒe] 'to eat'
Georgian[5] სა [ˈsɑmi] 'three'
Greek[6] μάζα/maza [ˈmaza] 'clump'
Hawaiian[7] maka [maka] 'eye'
Indonesian[8] masuk [ˈmasuʔ] 'enter'
Italian[9] mamma [ˈmamma] 'mamma'
Japanese[10] 乾杯/kampai [kampai] 'a toast'
Malay malam [malam] 'night'
Malayalam[7] കമ്മി [kəmmi] 'shortage'
Polish[11] masa [ˈmasa] 'mass'
Portuguese[12] mato [ˈmatu] 'bush'
Russian[13] муж [muʂ] 'husband'
Spanish[14] grumete [ɡɾuˈme̞te̞] 'cabin boy'
Vietnamese[15] muối [mwoj˧ˀ˥] 'salt'
Zapotec Tilquiapan[16] man [maŋ] 'animal'

References[change | change source]

  1. Thelwall, Robin (1990), "Illustrations of the IPA: Arabic", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 20 (2): 37
  2. Carbonell, Joan F.; Llisterri, Joaquim (1992), "Catalan", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 22 (1–2): 53, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004618
  3. Gussenhoven, Carlos (1992), "Dutch", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 22 (2): 45, doi:10.1017/S002510030000459X
  4. Fougeron, Cecile; Smith, Caroline L (1993), "Illustrations of the IPA:French", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 23 (2): 73, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004874
  5. Shosted, Ryan K.; Vakhtang, Chikovani (2006), "Standard Georgian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 36 (2): 255, doi:10.1017/S0025100306002659
  6. Newton, Brian (1972), The generative Interpretation of Dialect: A Study of Modern Greek Phonology, Cabridge Studies in Linguistics, 8, Cambridge University Press, p. 10
  7. 7.0 7.1 Ladefoged, Peter (2005), Vowels and Consonants (Second ed.), Blackwell, pp. 139, 165
  8. Soderberg, Craig D.; Olson, Kenneth S. (2008), "Illustrations of the IPA:Indonesian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 38 (2): 210
  9. Rogers, Derek; d'Arcangeli, Luciana (2004), "Italian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 34 (1): 117, doi:10.1017/S0025100304001628
  10. Okada, Hideo (1991), "Phonetic Representation:Japanese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 21 (2): 94
  11. Jassem, Wiktor (2003), "Polish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (1): 103, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001191
  12. Cruz-Ferreira, Madalena (1995), "European Portuguese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 25 (2): 91, doi:10.1017/S0025100300005223
  13. Padgett, Jaye (2003), "Contrast and Post-Velar Fronting in Russian", Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 21 (1): 42, doi:10.1023/A:1021879906505
  14. Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (2): 255, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001373
  15. Thompson, Laurence (1959), "Saigon phonemics", Language 35 (3): 458–461, doi:10.2307/411232, JSTOR 411232
  16. Merrill, Elizabeth (2008), "Tilquiapan Zapotec", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 38 (1): 108