|— City —|
|Nickname(s): Flower City (previously Flower Town)|
|• Mayor||Susan Fennell|
|• Governing Body||Brampton City Council
|• Land||266.71 km2 (102.98 sq mi)|
|• Total||433,806 (Ranked 11th)|
|• Density||1,626.5/km2 (4,213/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−4)|
|Forward sortation area||L6P-L7A|
Brampton (// or //) is the third-largest city in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada. It is in the Peel Region. At the time of the 2006 Canadian census, Brampton's population was 433,806 people. Brampton is now the 11th largest city in Canada.
Brampton was made into a village in 1853. It took its name from the town of Brampton, England. Brampton was once known as The Flower Town of Canada. It was called this because of the city's large greenhouse industry. Today, the city is the home of the national headquarters of Loblaw Companies, HBC/Zellers, Bacardi, Brita, Clorox and other companies. The city is also home to Canadian Forces Army Reserve unit The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment).
In 1853 Brampton was made into a village. During that year a small agricultural fair was started. The fair took place at the corner of Main street and Queen street. Grains, produce, and dairy products as well as Horses and cattle were sold at the fair. This fair became what is now called the Brampton Fall Fair.
Edward Dale, an immigrant from Dorking, England, opened a flower nursery in Brampton after he got to the town in 1863. Dale's Nursery became the town's largest employer, and began to export flowers around the world. The company became a town landmark, until Brampton Town Council allowed the building to be torn down in 1977. The company once had 140 greenhouses, and was the largest flower business in North America. The company also brought about the development of other nurseries in the town. Brampton became the home 48 flower nurseries.
In 1963, the town started calling itself the Flower Town of Canada. On 24 June 2002 Brampton City Council started the "Flower City Strategy". They wanted to show the town's history of growing flowers using this strategy. In 2007 the Rose Theatre was opened and the city started taking part in the Communities in Bloom competition as a part of their strategy.
On October 28, 2007, the Brampton Civic Hospital was opened. The Brampton Civil Hospital was built to replace the old Peel Memorial Hospital which had been closed for renovations. Since Peel Memorial Hospital closed, the residents of Brampton have not been sure what is going to happen to it. Many residents want the hospital to be re-opened. They do not think the Brampton Civic Hospital is large enough for the size of Brampton.
In September of 2007, the Rose Theatre opened in Brampton. The theatre is seen as the start of a rebuilding of Brampton's downtown . Since the theatre opened, new businesses have opened in Brampton, and old businesses have renovated.
- Rayburn, Alan (2001). Naming Canada: Stories about Canadian Place Names. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 45. ISBN 9780802082930. http://www.utppublishing.com/product.php?productid=859&cat=0&page=1.
- 2006 Statistics Canada data on Brampton, Ontario
- "Toronto Ontario Temple gardens popular site for brides, tourists". http://www.ksl.com/?nid=968&sid=15679277. Retrieved 2011-06-03.
- "Brampton's Flowertown Heritage". http://www.catchthespiritbrampton.com/flowertown.php. Retrieved 2011-06-03.
- "B-town's Beginning" in B-towns's 100th Anniversary as an Incorporated Town: 1873–1973, Brampton: The Corporation of the Town of Brampton and the Brampton Centennial Committee, 1973, originally published in Ross Cumming, ed., Historical Atlas of Peel County, n.p.: Walker and Miles, 1877.
- "Spotlight on Designated Heritage Properties". http://www.brampton.ca/en/Arts-Culture-Tourism/heritage/Documents/BHT%20Spring_Summer%202006.pdf. Retrieved 2011-06-24.
- "Discover Brampton's History". City of Brampton. http://www.brampton.ca/en/Arts-Culture-Tourism/heritage/Pages/Brampton's-History.aspx. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- Bost, John (30 December 2007). "Without a trace". Book Review. http://tomorrowstrust.ca/?p=1282. Retrieved 2010-04-08. "O’Hara tells the story of how the Dale Estate joined with the town to market the town as the “Flower Town of Canada” by instituting in 1963, The Flower Festival of Brampton, patterned after the great Rose Festival parade of Portland Oregon."
- O'Hara, Dale (September 2007). Acres of Glass: The Story of the Dale Estate and How Brampton Became "The Flower Town of Canada". Eastendbooks. ISBN 9781896973395. http://acresofglass.com/. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- "Brampton's FlowerTown Heritage". http://www.catchthespiritbrampton.com/flowertown.php. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- "Flower City Strategy". City of Brampton. http://www.brampton.ca/en/Business/planning-development/projects-studies/Pages/flower-city-strategy.aspx. Retrieved 2010-04-08. "On June 24, 2002, Council received and approved the “Flower City Strategy”, with the expressed purpose of recapturing of Brampton’s Floral heritage."
- "Heritage". City of Brampton. http://www.brampton.ca/en/Arts-Culture-Tourism/heritage/Pages/welcome.aspx. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- "Environmental Responsibility". City of Brampton. http://www.brampton.ca/en/City-Hall/Strategic-Priorities/Pages/Environmental-Responsibility.aspx. Retrieved 2010-04-08. "The City is taking steps to reclaim our “flower town” roots through the Flower City Strategy, a multifaceted approach that strives to beautify Brampton, preserve its natural and cultural heritage and protect the environment. An important part of this strategy is adopting a sustainable environmental approach that combines conservation with urban development and design, naturalization and community landscaping."
- "Heated debate at Peel Memorial Hospital meeting". http://www.thestar.com/news/article/292751--heated-debate-at-peel-memorial-hospital-meeting. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
- "New hospital under fire". http://www.thestar.com/Article/284084. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
- "Brampton comes alive". http://www.thestar.com/living/article/283035. Retrieved 2011-06-27.
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