||This article may have too many red links. (February 2015)|
Bruce Jenner, 2011
|Born||October 28, 1949
Tarrytown, New York, United States
|Occupation||Athlete, motivational speaker|
(m. 1972–1980, divorced)
(m. 1981–1985, divorced)
(m. 1991–2015, divorced)
|Children||Burt, Casey, Brody, Brandon, Kylie and Kendall Jenner|
William Bruce Jenner (born October 28, 1949) is an American former track and field athlete who is now a motivational speaker, socialite and television personality. He won the gold medal for decathlon in the Montreal 1976 Summer Olympics.
After his Olympic career, his professional career changed into being a television celebrity. By 1981, he had starred in several television movies. Since 2007, he is best known for the reality television program Keeping Up with the Kardashians. He is the stepfather of the Kardashian sisters.
Early life[change | change source]
Bruce Jenner is from Mount Kisco, New York. He studied at Newtown High School in Newtown, Connecticut,. Jenner got a football scholarship to Graceland College (now Graceland University) in Iowa. A knee injury caused him to stop playing football. He changed to the decathlon. Jenner first decathlon was at the Drake Relays in 1970. He finished in fifth place.
Olympic career[change | change source]
Jenner placed third in the decathlon at the 1972 U.S. Olympic trials. He finished in tenth place at the 1972 Munich games. Because he did so well in getting to the Olympics, he chose focus his time almost entirely on training. He sold insurance when not training. In the years before professionalism was allowed in athletics, this kind of full-time training was unusual. During that time, he spent eight hours a day at the San Jose City College track. San Jose at the time was a main place for training Olympic athletes. Millard Hampton, Andre Phillips, John Powell, Mac Wilkins, Al Feuerbach and others also trained there. In 1974 and 1976, Jenner was the American champion in the decathlon.
At the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, he won the gold medal in the Decathlon. He set the world record of 8,618 points. His record was broken by just 4 points by Daley Thompson in 1980. In 1985, the IAAF Decathlon scoring table was changed. Using the new table, Jenner's score was 8634 when comparing him to modern athletes. As of 2011, Jenner is #25 on the world all-time list and #9 on the American all-time list.
Jenner was a national hero due to winning the Olympic decathlon. He won the 1976 James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States. Jenner was also the Associated Press Male Athlete of the Year in 1976. He was made a part of the Olympic Hall of Fame in 1986 and the Bay Area Sports Hall of Fame, the Connecticut Sports Hall of Fame in 1994 and the United States National Track and Field Hall of Fame in 1980.
Celebrity[change | change source]
In the 1970s, Olympic athletes were required to be amateur. They were not allowed to be paid as a sports celebrity. In 1972, three major Olympic sports (basketball, 100 meters and decathlon), were won by Soviet athletes. Winning the decathlon title made Jenner an American hero. After this, Jenner wanted to earn money because of his celebrity. If he did this, he could not take part in the Olympics again. He left his equipment in the stadium. He did not expect to ever use them again. Shortly after the Games, Jenner's picture was used on the front of Wheaties brand breakfast cereal as a "Wheaties champion." Since then, photographs of several hundred athletes have been used on the boxes. Jenner is one of only seven Wheaties "spokesmen." He was asked to go to the White House to meet with President Gerald R. Ford.
On November 22, 1977, Bruce went to San Francisco to testify in court against complaints that General Mills, the makers of Wheaties, had been using false advertising about his eating Wheaties. Jenner said that he liked the cereal and ate it two to three times per week. Two days later the court case was stopped.
Jenner decided to try for a television career. He had some success. Jenner starred in the television movies "The Golden Moment: An Olympic Love Story" (1980) and "Grambling's White Tiger" (1981). In 1981–82, he began acting on the police series CHiPs. He played the role of Officer Steve McLeish. He was a short time replacement for Erik Estrada. Estrada was in a contract dispute with NBC and MGM) at the time. Jenner was in a half-dozen episodes before Estrada returned.
Further TV appearances[change | change source]
In January 2002, Jenner was in an episode of the American series of The Weakest Link. In February and March 2003, he was part of the cast of the American series of I'm a Celebrity...Get Me Out of Here!. He made a cameo on a season three episode of The Apprentice in May 2005. He skated with Tai Babilonia for Skating with Celebrities in January–March 2006. Jenner has as also been a guest judge on Pet Star on Animal Planet, and appeared on NBC's game show Identity. He was also on Celebrity Family Feud with his family.
Keeping Up with the Kardashians[change | change source]
Since 2007, Jenner has been in the E! reality television series Keeping Up with the Kardashians. He is on the series with his wife Kris Jenner, stepdaughters Kourtney, Kim, Khloé, and stepson Rob Kardashian and daughters Kylie and Kendall Jenner. The Kardashian members of the family are from Kris' marriage to attorney Robert Kardashian. Season two had an average of 1.6 million viewers.
Kardashians ended its fifth season on October 24, 2010. It had 4.1 million viewers at that time. This was less than record 4.8 million viewers for its fourth-season finale on February 28, 2010.
Personal life[change | change source]
When Jenner was a young child, he learned he had dyslexia. In an episode of the sitcom Silver Spoons, he told the Stratton family about his condition. This was after he retired from sports, built a successful career as a motivational speaker and television sports commentator.
On February 7, 2015, Jenner was involved in a multiple-vehicle collision on the Pacific Coast Highway in Malibu, California. The accident caused one death, and eight others were injured. Jenner was able to walk away from the accident.
On September 23, 2013, Jenner said that he underwent surgery of his nose skin because of cancer.
In April 2015, Jenner publicly came out as transgender in a two-hour television interview. He said that he wants to be referred to with male pronouns while transitioning. Jenner will star in an eight-part documentary about his transitioning. It will be broadcast starting in July 2015.
Family[change | change source]
Jenner's first marriage was to Chrystie Crownover (December 15, 1972 – January 2, 1980). They had two children, Burton William "Burt" Jenner (born September 6, 1978) and daughter Cassandra Lynn "Casey" Jenner (born June 10, 1980). In 2009, Jenner became a grandfather to Francesca, his daughter Casey's first child.
Jenner's second marriage was from 1981–1985 to actress Linda Thompson. Their two sons Brandon Thompson (born June 4, 1981) and Brody (born August 21, 1983) appeared in their own reality show The Princes of Malibu. Brody was also on the reality show The Hills.
Jenner's third marriage was to Kris (née Houghton). After dating for five months, they married on April 21, 1991. Kris was previously married to lawyer Robert Kardashian. Jenner has two daughters with Kris, Kendall Nicole (born November 3, 1995) and Kylie Kristen (born August 10, 1997). During Jenner's third marriage, he was the stepfather of Kim, Khloé, Kourtney and Rob Kardashian.
References[change | change source]
- Bruce Jenner. Novelguide. Retrieved on 2011-11-06.
- Richard Hymans (2008) The History of the United States Olympic trials – Track and Field. USA Track and Field
- Athletics at the 1972 München Summer Games: Men's Decathlon | Olympics at. Sports-reference.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-06.
- Pearls of Wisdom: "Just Trust In Yourself and You'll Climb Every Hill". Swansgems.blogspot.com (2008-05-18). Retrieved on 2011-11-06.
- Bud Winter Biography, San Jose State University 1940–1970, Part 1. Speedendurance.com (2011-03-02). Retrieved on 2011-11-06.
- Bruce Jenner wins decathlon — History.com This Day in History — 7/30/1976. History.com. Retrieved on 2011-11-06.
- "USA Outdoor Track & Field Champions: Men's Decathlon". USA Track & Field. c. 2001–2009. http://www.usatf.org/statistics/champions/USAOutdoorTF/men/mDec.asp. Retrieved May 27, 2009.
- Decathlon All Time. iaaf.org. Updated 29/08/2011. Retrieved on 2011-09-06.
- "Report from court archives researched by Laura Perkins". SFGate.com. http://articles.sfgate.com/2002-11-22/news/17571905_1_false-advertising-war-veterans-professors. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- "Cristina Kinon, "E! renews 'Keeping Up With the Kardashians'," NYdailynews.com, November 13, 2007". Nydailynews.com. November 13, 2007. http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/tv/2007/11/13/2007-11-13_e_renews_keeping_up_with_the_kardashians.html. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- By (July 17, 2008). "Daniel Frankel, "'Kardashians' gets third season," DailyVariety.com, July 13, 2008". Variety.com. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117989106.html?categoryid=14&cs=1. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- Dec 21, 2009 03:04 PM (December 21, 2009). "No byline, "Kardashians overthrow Anna Nicole Smith," THRfeed.com, December 22, 2009". Thrfeed.com. http://www.thrfeed.com/2009/12/kardashians-overthrow-anna-nicole-smith.html. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- "Kristin dos Santos, "Five Shows are Doing Better Than You Think'," Eonline.com, October 26, 2010". Eonline.com. October 26, 2010. http://www.eonline.com/uberblog/watch_with_kristin/b207624_five_shows_are_doing_better_you_think.html. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- Eric Davis Freelance Web Designs, http://www.emdavis.com/freelance.+"Bruce Jenner Aviation website". Brucejenneraviation.com. http://www.brucejenneraviation.com/. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- Schwarz, Hunter (April 24, 2015). "Bruce Jenner said he’s Republican. Only 21 percent of LGBT Americans are." (in en-US). The Washington Post. . http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/wp/2015/04/24/bruce-jenner-said-hes-republican-only-21-percent-of-lgbt-americans-are/.
- Silverstein, Jason (April 25, 2015). "Bruce Jenner admits to being Republican during '20/20' interview, shocking some on social media". Daily News (New York). http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/gossip/bruce-jenner-admits-republican-interview-article-1.2198498.
- "Bruce Jenner confirms skin cancer surgery". USA Today. September 23, 2013. http://www.usatoday.com/story/life/people/2013/09/20/bruce-jenner-nose-skin-cancer/2844935/. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
- Slonik, Daniel. "Bruce Jenner Says He Identifies as a Woman". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/25/business/media/bruce-jenner-says-he-identifies-as-a-woman.html. Retrieved 25 April 2015. ""For the purpose of the interview, Mr. Jenner said he preferred the pronoun “he,” and Ms. Sawyer called him Bruce.""
- "Fame Woes", by Nancy Faber, April 11, 1977, People, Vol. 7 No. 14. Retrieved April 22, 2010.
- Bob Ottum (November 3, 1980). "''Hey, Mister Fantasy Man'', Sports Illustrated, 3 November 1980". Vault.sportsillustrated.cnn.com. http://vault.sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1123922/9/index.htm. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- Jenner-Kardashian The Day (newspaper published April 23, 1991, page A2)
- Baker, Ken; Finn, Natalie (October 8, 2013). "Kris Jenner and Bruce Jenner Are Separated, "Much Happier" Living Apart". E Online. http://ca.eonline.com/news/468068/kris-jenner-and-bruce-jenner-are-separated-much-happier-living-apart. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Takeda, Allison (October 8, 2013). "Kris Jenner, Bruce Jenner Separate After 22 Years of Marriage: "I Will Always Love Him"". Us Weekly. http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-news/news/kris-jenner-bruce-jenner-separate-after-22-years-of-marriage-i-will-always-love-him-2013810. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Bruce Jenner|
- Official site
- Bruce Jenner at the Internet Movie Database
- IAAF profile for Bruce Jenner
- Wheaties spokesperson
- Jenner Communications
- Bruce Jenner's U.S. Olympic Team bio
- USATF Hall of Fame bio
|Men's decathlon world record holder
August 10, 1975 – May 15, 1980