Burushaski language

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Burushaski
Native to Pakistan
Region Gilgit–Baltistan
Ethnicity Burusho people
Native speakers 87,000 in Pakistan  (2000)[1]
Language family
Dialects
Hunza–Nagar
Yasin (Werchikwar)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bsk
Burshaski-lang.png
Area of Burushaski speakers

Burushaski (Urdu: بروشسکی - burū́šaskī) is a language isolate spoken by some 87,000 (as of 2000) Burusho people in the Hunza, Nagar, Yasin, and parts of the Gilgit valleys in the Northern Areas, Pakistan. It is also spoken by some 300 speakers in Srinagar, Indian-administered Kashmir. Other names for the language are Kanjut (Kunjoot), Werchikwār, Boorishki, Brushas (Brushias).

Today Burushaski contains many loanwords from Urdu (including English words received via Urdu) and from neighbouring Dardic languages such as Khowar and Shina, as well as a few from Turkic languages and from the neighboring Sino-Tibetan language Balti, but the original vocabulary remains largely intact. The Dardic languages also contain large numbers of loanwords from Burushaski.

There are three dialects, named after the main valleys: Hunza, Nagar, and Yasin (also called Werchikwār). The dialect of Yasin is thought to be the least affected by contact with neighboring languages and is generally less similar to the other two than those are to each other; nevertheless all three dialects are mutually intelligible.

References[change | edit source]

  1. Burushaski at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)