Buto

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Buto or Butos or Butosos,[1] was the later, Greek name for an ancient Egyptian city 95 km east of Alexandria in the Nile Delta of Egypt. It is the modern Kem Kasir.

History[change | change source]

Buto originally was two cities, Pe and Dep, which merged into one city that the Egyptians named Per-Wadjet. The goddess Wadjet was its local goddess, often represented as a cobra, and she was considered the patron deity of Lower Egypt.

The city was an important site in Ancient Egypt since more than ten thousand years. Archaeological evidence shows that Upper Egyptian culture replaced the Buto-culture at the delta when Upper and Lower Egypt were unified.

Uses[change | change source]

The Greek historians told that town was celebrated for its temple and oracle of the goddess Wadjet.[2] They also told that at Buto there was also a sanctuary of Horus.

References[change | change source]

  1. Greek: Βοῦτος, Herod. ii. 59, 63, 155; Βουτώ, Stephanus of Byzantium s. v.
  2. Herod. ii. 155; Aelian. V. Hist. ii. 41

Coordinates: 31°11′47″N, 30°44′41″E