Côte-d'Or

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Côte-d'Or
Department
Prefecture building of the Côte-d'Or department, in Dijon
Prefecture building of the Côte-d'Or department, in Dijon
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Côte-d’Or in France
Coordinates: 47°25′N 4°50′E / 47.417°N 4.833°E / 47.417; 4.833Coordinates: 47°25′N 4°50′E / 47.417°N 4.833°E / 47.417; 4.833
Country France
Region Burgundy
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Dijon
Subprefectures Beaune
Montbard
Government
 • President of the General Council François Sauvadet
Area[1]
 • Total 8,763 km2 (3,383 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 525,931
 • Rank 51st
 • Density 60.017/km2 (155.444/sq mi)
Demonym Côte-d'oriens, Costaloriens
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-21
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 43
Communes 706

Côte-d'Or (literally, "Slope of Gold", "Golden Slope") is a department in the eastern part of France. It is one of the 83 first French departments made during the French revolution and one of the four departments of the Burgundy region.

Its prefecture (capital) is the city of Dijon. The inhabitants of the department are called Costaloriens (women:Costaloriennes) or Côte-d'Oriens (women:Côte d'Oriennes).[3]

History[change | change source]

Côte-d'Or is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was formed from part of the old province of Burgundy. It was divided in seven districts: Arnay-le-Duc, Beaune, Châtillon-sur-Seine, Dijon, Is-sur-Tille, Saint-Jean-de-Losne and Semur-en-Auxois.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into four arrondissements: Dijon, Beaune, Châtillon-sur-Seine and Semur-en-Auxois.[4]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Austrian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

In 1926, the arrondissement of Montbard was made with the arrondissements of Châtillon-sur-Seine and Semur-en-Auxois.[4]

Origin of name[change | change source]

Côte-d'Or is the only French department who was not named after a geographical feature: a river, a mountain, and so on. The name was chosen by Charles-André-Rémy Arnoult, member of the National Constituent Assembly of 1789, who suggested the name, inspired by the golden hue that took the vineyards of the region in the autumn.[5]

Morey-Saint-Denis in autumn. The department is named after this kind of landscape.

The French word côte means, in this case, a slope that geologists usually name with the Spanish word cuesta.

Geography[change | change source]

Côte-d'Or is part of the current region of Burgundy. The department borders with 7 departments that are part of 3 regions:

The highest point of the department is Mont de Gien, 723 m (2,372 ft) high; it is in the commune Ménessaire. The lowest point of the department, 174 m (571 ft) high, is where the river Saône leaves the department, in the commune Chivres.

A chain of hills called the Plateau de Langres runs from north-east to south-west through the department to the north of Dijon and continues south-westwards as the Côte d'Or escarpment, which takes its name from that of the department (without the hyphen). It is the south-east facing slope of this escarpment which is the site of the celebrated Burgundy vineyards. To the south-east of the plateau and escarpment, the department lies in the broad valley of the middle section of the river Saône.

Rivers[change | change source]

The main rivers of Côte-d'Or are:

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen Climate Classification type for the climate at Dijon is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[7]

The average temperature for the year in Dijon is 10.6 °C (51.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.4 °C (66.9 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 1.7 °C (35.1 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Dijon is 698.5 mm (27.50 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 73.7 mm (2.90 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 40.6 mm (1.60 in).[7]

In the Plateau de Langres, winters are long and cold with frequent frosts.

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the General Council of Côte-d'Or in Dijon. Côte-d'Or is part of the region of Burgundy.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 43 cantons and 706 communes (municipalities) in Côte-d'Or.[8]

Arrondissement Capital Population
(2011)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Cantons Communes
Beaune Beaune 97,300   2,118   45.9 10 194
Dijon Dijon 367,097   3,049   120.4 21 259
Montbard Montbard 61,534   3,596   17.1 12 254
  1. Cantons of the arrondissement of Beaune
    1. Arnay-le-Duc
    2. Beaune-Nord
    3. Beaune-Sud
    4. Bligny-sur-Ouche
    5. Liernais
    6. Nolay
    7. Nuits-Saint-Georges
    8. Pouilly-en-Auxois
    9. Saint-Jean-de-Losne
    10. Seurre
  1. Cantons of the arrondissement of Dijon
    1. Auxonne
    2. Chenôve
    3. Dijon 1st Canton
    4. Dijon 2nd Canton
    5. Dijon 3rd Canton
    6. Dijon 4th Canton
    7. Dijon 5th Canton
    8. Dijon 6th Canton
    9. Dijon 7th Canton
    10. Dijon 8th Canton
    11. Fontaine-Française
    12. Fontaine-lès-Dijon
    13. Genlis
    14. Gevrey-Chambertin
    15. Grancey-le-Château-Neuvelle
    16. Is-sur-Tille
    17. Mirebeau-sur-Bèze
    18. Pontailler-sur-Saône
    19. Saint-Seine-l'Abbaye
    20. Selongey
    21. Sombernon
  1. Cantons of the arrondissement of Montbard
    1. Aignay-le-Duc
    2. Baigneux-les-Juifs
    3. Châtillon-sur-Seine
    4. Laignes
    5. Montbard
    6. Montigny-sur-Aube
    7. Précy-sous-Thil
    8. Recey-sur-Ource
    9. Saulieu
    10. Semur-en-Auxois
    11. Venarey-les-Laumes
    12. Vitteaux

Demographics[change | change source]

Côte d'Or has a population, in 2011, of 525,931,[2] for a population density of 60.0 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Dijon, with 367,097 inhabitants, is by far the one with more inhabitants. The other two, Beaune and Montbard, have respectively 97,300 and 61,534 inhabitants.[9]

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "France Departments". Statoids. http://www.statoids.com/ufr.html. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2011" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  3. "Côte-d'Or (21)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_cote-dor_21.html. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique de la Côte-d'Or" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/21his.html. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  5. "Côte-d'Or "la bien nommée"" (in French). Conseil General - Côte-d'Or. http://www.cotedor.fr/cms/page1567.html. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  6. "A l'origine" (in French). Site des sources de la Seine et du village de Source Seine. http://www.source-seine.fr/jce/a-l-origine. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Dijon, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=8270&cityname=Dijon%2C+Burgundy%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  8. "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2013" (in French) (pdf). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2012/pdf/ensemble.pdf. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  9. "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Côte-d'Or" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2013/pdf/dep21.pdf. Retrieved 17 June 2014.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]