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Books of the Bible are the different sections of the Bible. Different religions, and different denominations of Christianity, list the books of the Bible differently. For example, although they are the same in many ways, the Books of the Bible are different in Judaism and in the Catholic, Protestant, Greek Orthodox, Slavonic Orthodox, Georgian, Armenian Apostolic, Syriac, and Ethiopian Churches. A table that compares some of these denominations appears below. The table covers both the Old Testament and the New Testament. For a detailed discussion of the differences, see "Biblical canon".
The Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, and Eastern Catholic churches may have small differences in their lists of accepted books. If at least one Eastern church accepts a book, then that book is included in this table. The Eastern churches include all of the books that are accepted by the Roman Catholic Church.
Tanakh or Old Testament [change]
If a table cell has an asterisk (*), it means that a book is used, but in a different order. Empty cells mean that the book is not used. These books are often called apocrypha. This word is sometimes used specifically (and possibly negatively) to describe the books in the Catholic and Orthodox canon that are not in the Protestant Bible. Orthodox and Catholic Christians call these books deuterocanonical, meaning second canon.
New Testament [change]
In general, among Christian groups the New Testament canon is agreed-upon, although book order can vary.
The Ethiopian Orthodox Church has a few additional books in its canon: Jubilees, Book of Enoch, and the Rest of the Words of Baruch (4 Baruch).
The Peshitta excludes 2-3 John, 2 Peter, Jude, and Revelation, but Bibles of the modern Syriac Orthodox Church include later translations of those books along with the Letter of Baruch. Still today the official lectionary followed by the Syrian Orthodox Church (with headquarters at Kottayam (Kerala), and the Chaldean Syriac Church, also known as the Church of the East (Nestorian), with headquarters at Trichur (Kerala)) presents lessons from only the twenty-two books of Peshitta, the version to which appeal is made for the settlement of doctrinal questions.
Third Epistle to the Corinthians was once considered part of the Armenian Orthodox Bible, but is no longer printed with modern editions.
Anglican Apocrypha [change]
These are the Anglican Apocrypha as defined by the 39 Articles. The Apocrypha Books are ordered according to the Vulgate. The Lutheran Apocrypha is different.
- I. Esdras
- II. Esdras
- The Rest of Esther
- The Wisdom of Solomon
- Ecclesiasticus (Sirach)
- Baruch, with the Letter of Jeremiah
- The Song of the Three Jews, with the Prayer of Azariah
- The Story of Susanna
- Bel and the Dragon
- The Prayer of Manasseh
- I. Maccabees
- II. Maccabees
- III. Maccabees
Other pages [change]
Return links: Tanakh or Old Testament – New Testament
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Names in brackets are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Some Eastern Orthodox churches follow the Septuagint and the Hebrew bibles by considering the books of Ezra and Nehemiah as one book.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 The Catholic and Orthodox Book of Esther includes 103 verses not in the Protestant Book of Esther.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 The Latin Vulgate and the Douay-Rheims place First and Second Maccabees after Malachi; modern Catholic translations place them after Esther.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Eastern Orthodox churches include Psalm 151, not present in all canons.
- ↑ The Book of Odes includes the Prayer of Manasseh. This book is not present in the Catholic or Protestant Old Testaments.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 New English Translation of the Septuagint
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 8.2 In Catholic Bibles, Baruch includes a sixth chapter called the Letter of Jeremiah. Baruch is not in the Protestant Bible or the Tanakh.
- ↑ Britannica 1911
- ↑ Eastern Orthodox Bibles have the books of Baruch and the Letter of Jeremiah separate.
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 11.2 In Catholic and Orthodox Bibles, Daniel includes three sections not included in Protestant Bibles. The Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children are included between Daniel 3:23-24. Susanna is included as Daniel 13. Bel and the Dragon is included as Daniel 14. These are not in the Protestant Old Testament.
- ↑ These books are found among the historical and wisdom books of the Christian canons.
- ↑ Most scholars consider the Gospel of Matthew to have been written in Koine Greek, though some experts maintain the view that it was originally composed in Aramaic or Hebrew. See Wikipedia's Gospel of Matthew and New Testament articles.
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 Contemporary scholars believe the Hebrews to have been written in Greek, though a minority believe it was originally written in Hebrew, then translated into Greek by Luke. See Wikipedia's New Testament article.
More websites [change]