Muhammad Ali (born Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr. on January 17, 1942) is an American retired boxer. He has become one of the most famous boxers in the world with his "rope-a-dope" technique. He is also well known for his clever rhymes. In 1999, Ali was named "Sportsman of the Century" by Sports Illustrated magazine. He won the World Heavyweight Boxing championship three times. Ali has also won an Olympic gold medal for boxing during the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy.
Ali was born in Louisville, Kentucky. He was named after his father, Cassius Marcellus Clay, Sr. Ali changed his name after converting to Islam in 1975. Because of his Islamic beliefs, Ali would not fight in the Vietnam War when the army tried drafting him. He was sent to jail because of this. Ali retired from boxing in 1981. In the early 1980s, it was found out that Ali had Parkinson's syndrome. Now he is well known for his social work and charity.
Muhammad Ali has been married four times and has seven daughters and two sons. One of his sons is adopted.
- Thomas Jr., Robert McG. (September 20, 1984). "Change In Drug Helps Ali Improve". New York Times: pp. D–29. http://www.nytimes.com/1984/09/20/sports/change-in-drug-helps-ali-improve.html?sec=health. Retrieved March 9, 2009.
- "Ali Leaves Hospital Vowing to take better care of himself and get more sleep". New York Times. September 22, 1984. http://www.nytimes.com/1984/09/22/sports/sports-people-ali-leaves-hospital-vowing-take-better-care-himself-get-more-sleep.html. Retrieved March 9, 2009.
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