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Castres (81), Maisons sur l'Agoût.JPG
Houses by the Agout river
Coat of arms of Castres
Coat of arms
Castres is located in France
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Tarn
Arrondissement Castres
Canton Chief town of 4 cantons
Intercommunality Castres-Mazamet
Mayor Pascal Bugis
Elevation 151–367 m (495–1,204 ft)
(avg. 259 m/850 ft)
Land area1 98.17 km2 (37.90 sq mi)
Population2 42,222  (2011)
 - Density 430 /km2 (1,100 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 81065/ 81100
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 43°36′00″N 2°15′00″E / 43.6000°N 2.2500°E / 43.6000; 2.2500

Castres (Occitan: Castras) is a commune in the region of Midi-Pyrénées, in southwestern France. It is the sous-prefecture (capital) of the arrondissement of the same name in the Tarn department.

It is also the capital of 4 cantons: Castres-Est, Castres-Nord, Castres-Ouest, Castres-Sud.

Castres is (after Toulouse, Tarbes and Albi) the fourth largest industrial centre of the mainly rural Midi-Pyrénées région and the largest in that part of Languedoc between Toulouse and Montpellier.

History[change | change source]

The name of the town comes from Latin castrum, and means "fortified place".

Castres grew up round the Benedictine abbey of Saint Benoît. Castres became an important stop on the international pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela in Spain because its abbey-church, built in the 9th century, was keeping the relics of Saint Vincent, the renowned martyr of Spain. It was a place of some importance as early as the 12th century, and ranked as the second town of the Albigeois behind Albi.

Geography[change | change source]

Castres is in southern France, in the southwestern part of the Tarn department, to the north of the Montagne Noire, a mountain range in central southern France. Castres is crossed from north to south by the Agout river, a tributary of the Tarn.

The commune has an area of 98.17 km2 (37.90 sq mi) and its average altitude is 259 m (850 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 173 m (568 ft).[1].

Castres is at 42 km (26 mi) southeast of Castres and at 72 km (45 mi) east of Toulouse.

Castres and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Castres

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of Castres, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.[2]

Administration[change | change source]

Castres is a subprefecture of the Tarn department and the capital of the arrondissement of Castres in the same department. It is also the capital of four Cantons:[3]

  1. Castres-Est, formed with a part of Castres (13,527 inhabitants)
  2. Castres-Nord, formed with a part of Castres and of the commune Laboulbène (10,853 inhabitants)
  3. Castres-Ouest, formed with a part of Castres and of the communes Navès and Saïx (11,444 habitants)
  4. Castres-Sud, formed with a part of Castres (11,786 inhabitants).

Population[change | change source]

With a population of 42,222,[4] Castres has a population density of 430 inhabitants/km2.

The inhabitants of Castres are known, in French, as Castrais (women: Castraises).[5]

Sister cities[change | change source]

Castres is twinned with:

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Castres". Retrieved 1 July 2014.
  2. "La ville de Castres" (in French). Retrieved 1 July 2013.
  3. "Liste des cantons de l'arrondissement de Castres" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
  4. "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Tarn" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  5. "Castres (81100)" (in French). Retrieved 1 July 2014.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]