Cavalleria rusticana is an Italian opera. The music was written by Pietro Mascagni. The story and words (libretto) were written by Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti and Guido Menasci. The opera was based on a play by Giovanni Verga. It was first performed in Rome on 17 May 1890. The work marked the beginning of the verismo style in Italian opera. It is often played with Ruggiero Leoncavallo's opera Pagliacci to make a full evening. Both operas are just a little over one hour each.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere Cast, 17 May 1890
(Conductor: Leopoldo Mugnone )
|Santuzza, a peasant girl||soprano||Gemma Bellincioni|
|Turiddu, a young villager recently returned from the army||tenor||Roberto Stagno|
|Lucia, his mother||contralto||Federica Casali|
|Alfio, a carter||baritone||Guadenzio Salassa|
|Lola, his wife||mezzo-soprano||Annetta Guli|
- The Complete Dictionary of Opera & Operetta, James Anderson, Wings Books, 1993.
- The Earl of Harewood. 1989. Kobbe's Illustrated Opera Book. Putnam's. ISBN 0-399-13475-1. pages 110-112.