Cervical cancer is cancer of the cervix or cervical area that can result in malignance and death. One sign of the cancer is bleeding or discharge from the vagina. Sometimes, there are no symptoms until the cancer is very developed. For this reason, pap smears have become common to diagnose this cancer. They have made the cervical cancer rate drop 50 percent.[source?]
To treat the cancer, one can get surgery in the beginning and chemotherapy and radiotherapy if the cancer is far along. Most types of cervical cancer can be prevented by a vaccine. It prevents the types of HPV that cause 70% of cervical cancer. Experts say that women get the vaccine and normal pap smears.
- "FDA Licenses New Vaccine for Prevention of Cervical Cancer". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 2006-06-08. http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/NEWS/2006/NEW01385.html. Retrieved 2007-12-02.
- Lowy DR, Schiller JT (2006). "Prophylactic human papillomavirus vaccines.". J. Clin. Invest. 116 (5): 1167–73. doi:10.1172/JCI28607. PMID 16670757. http://www.jci.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=16670757. Retrieved 2007-12-01.