Charles Manson

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Charles Manson

Charles Manson, 1969
Born November 12, 1934 (1934-11-12) (age 80)
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Charge(s) Murder and conspiracy
Penalty Death, reduced by abolition of death penalty to life in prison
Status Incarcerated
Spouse Rosalie Jean Willis
Candy Stevens (real name Leona, last name unknown)
Parents Kathleen Maddox (mother)
Colonel Scott (father)
William Manson (stepfather)
Children Charles Milles Manson Jr., (mother Rosalie Jean Willis)
Charles Luther Manson (mother Leona)
Valentine Michael "Pooh Bear" Manson (mother Mary Brunner)
Manson in 2009

Charles Milles Manson (born on November 12, 1934) is an American leader of a Californian cult which murdered several people. This was in the late 1960s and early 1970s. His cult, of young women and men, was known as "The Family". He made them believe his end of the world vision.

He planned and ordered the Family to commit several brutal murders. Most known is the murder by his followers on August 8, 1969 of movie actress Sharon Tate. She was expecting a baby, already seven/eight months. The same night they also murdered Steven Parent, a friend of the groundskeeper at the house; Jay Sebring, a hair stylist; Abigail Folger, an heiress and social worker; and Wojciech Frykowski; a Polish writer and actor. The next night, Manson and some of his followers murdered Leno La Bianca, a grocery store owner and his wife Rosemary. Manson and his followers were arrested for stealing cars, but soon it was found out that they were the ones who committed the murders.

Manson is in jail for life in California. He and four Family members were sentenced to death, but the death penalty was abolished in California shortly after that. He has been diagnosed with schizophrenia and paranoid delusional disorder.[1] Because of his violent, murderous, antisocial behavior and unstable mental state, he was refused parole in 2012.[1] The chance is small that he will ever be free from prison.

Manson released an album entitled "Lie: the Love and Terror Cult", it features Manson's music and all profits of the 2006 revived ESP-Disk label version would go to the family of Wojciech Frykowski. Allmusic rated the album 4 out of 5 stars.[2]

Manson "Family"[change | change source]

Manson was a convicted criminal long before the famous murders. When he was released for the second time, on March 21, 1967, he had spent more than half his 32 years in prisons and other institutions.[3]p137 Telling the authorities that prison had become his home, he requested permission to stay,[3] a fact touched on in a 1981 television interview.[4]

On his release day, Manson received permission to move to San Francisco, where, with the help of a prison acquaintance, he moved into an apartment in Berkeley. In prison, a bank robber taught him to play the steel guitar.[3]p137[5][6] Now, living mostly by panhandling, he soon got to know Mary Brunner, a 23-year-old graduate of the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Brunner was working as a library assistant at University of California, Berkeley, and Manson moved in with her. According to a secondhand account, he overcame her resistance to his bringing other women in to live with them. Before long, they were sharing Brunner's residence with 18 other women.[3]p163–174

Manson established himself as a guru in San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury, which, during 1967's "Summer of Love", was emerging as the signature hippie locale. Expounding a philosophy that included some of the Scientology he had studied in prison,[3]p163 he soon had his first group of young followers, most of them female.[3]p137 On a staff evaluation of Manson when he entered prison in July 1961 at the U.S. penitentiary in McNeil Island, Washington, Manson entered "Scientologist" as his religion.[3]p143

Before the summer ended, Manson and eight or nine of his enthusiasts piled into an old school bus. They roamed as far north as Washington state, then south through Los Angeles, Mexico, and the southwest. Returning to the Los Angeles area, they lived in Topanga Canyon, Malibu, and Venice—western parts of the city and county.[3]p163[7]

Wilson, Melcher, et al[change | change source]

The events that would culminate in the murders were set in motion in late spring 1968, when, by some accounts, Dennis Wilson, of The Beach Boys, picked up two hitchhiking Manson women, Patricia Krenwinkel and Ella Jo Bailey, and brought them to his Pacific Palisades house for a few hours. Returning home in the early hours of the following morning from a night recording session, Wilson was greeted in the driveway of his own residence by Manson, who emerged from the house. Uncomfortable, Wilson asked the stranger whether he intended to hurt him. Assuring him he had no such intent, Manson began kissing Wilson's feet.[3]p250[7]p34

Inside the house, Wilson discovered 12 strangers, mostly women.[3][7]p34 Over the next few months, as their number doubled, the Family members who had made themselves part of Wilson's Sunset Boulevard household cost him approximately $100,000. This included a large medical bill for treatment of their gonorrhea and $21,000 for the accidental destruction of his uninsured car, which they borrowed.[8]ch4 Wilson would sing and talk with Manson, whose women were treated as servants to them both.[3]p250

Wilson paid for studio time to record songs written and performed by Manson, and he introduced Manson to acquaintances of his with roles in the entertainment business. Gregg Jakobson, who was impressed by "the whole Charlie Manson package" of artist/lifestylist/philosopher, also paid to record Manson material.[3][9]

The account given in Manson in his own words is that Manson first met Wilson at a friend's San Francisco house, where Manson had gone to buy cannabis. The drummer supposedly gave Manson his Sunset Boulevard address and invited him to stop by when he would be in Los Angeles.[5]

Spahn Ranch[change | change source]

Manson established a base for the group at Spahn's Movie Ranch, not far from Topanga Canyon, in August 1968 after Wilson's manager told the Family to move out of Wilson's home.[9] The entire Family then relocated to the ranch.[3]p253

Family members did helpful work around the grounds. Also, Manson ordered the Family's women, including Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, to occasionally have sex with the nearly blind, 80-year-old owner, George Spahn. The women also acted as seeing-eye guides for Spahn. In exchange, Spahn allowed Manson and his group to live at the ranch for free.[3]p99[8]

Helter Skelter[change | change source]

Manson in June 2011

In the first days of November 1968, Manson established the Family at alternative headquarters near Death Valley, where they occupied two unused or little-used ranches.[9][8]ch10

While back at Spahn Ranch, no later than December, Manson and Watson visited a Topanga Canyon acquaintance who played them the Beatles' White Album, then recently released.[9][10][8]ch12 Manson was obsessed with the group. At McNeil, he had told fellow inmates, including Alvin Karpis, that he could surpass the group in fame;[3][7] to the Family, he spoke of the group as "the soul" and "part of 'the hole in the infinite'. "[8]

For some time, Manson had been saying that racial tension between blacks and whites was growing and that blacks would soon rise up in rebellion in America's cities.[9][11] He had emphasized Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination, which had taken place on April 4, 1968.[8] On a bitterly cold New Year's Eve at Myers Ranch, the Family members, gathered outside around a large fire, listened as Manson explained that the social turmoil he had been predicting had also been predicted by the Beatles.[8] The White Album songs, he declared, told it all, although in code. In fact, he sad the album was directed at the Family itself, an elect group that was being instructed to preserve the worthy from the impending disaster.[9][11]

In early January 1969, the Family escaped the desert's cold and positioned itself to monitor L.A.'s supposed tension by moving to a canary-yellow home in Canoga Park, not far from the Spahn Ranch.[3][8] Because this would allow the group to remain "submerged beneath the awareness of the outside world",[3]p244 Manson called it the Yellow Submarine, another Beatles reference. There, Family members prepared for the impending apocalypse,[8][9] which, around the campfire, Manson had termed "Helter Skelter", after the song of that name.

By February, Manson's vision was complete. The Family would create an album whose songs, as subtle as those of the Beatles, would trigger the predicted chaos. Ghastly murders of whites by blacks would be met with retaliation, and a split between racist and non-racist whites would yield whites' self-annihilation. Blacks' triumph, as it were, would merely precede their being ruled by the Family, which would ride out the conflict in "the bottomless pit"—a secret city beneath Death Valley.[12] At the Canoga Park house, while Family members worked on vehicles and pored over maps to prepare for their desert escape, they also worked on songs for their world-changing album.[9][8]ch13

Murders[change | change source]

A total of eight people are known to have been killed by the Manson Family, and two other killings are suspected.

Hinman murder[change | change source]

Manson's signature

On July 25, 1969, Manson sent Bobby Beausoleil, Mary Brunner and Susan Atkins to the house of acquaintance Gary Hinman, to persuade him to turn over money Manson thought Hinman had inherited.[3]p75[9][13] The three held the uncooperative Hinman hostage for two days, during which Manson showed up with a sword to slash his ear. After that, Beausoleil stabbed Hinman to death, probably on Manson's instruction. Before leaving the Topanga Canyon residence,one of them used Hinman's blood to write "Political piggy" on the wall and to draw a panther paw, a Black Panther symbol.[3][7]p184

Tate murders[change | change source]

On the night of August 8, Manson directed Charles Watson to take Susan Atkins, Linda Kasabian, and Patricia Krenwinkel to "that house where Melcher used to live" and "totally destroy everyone in [it], as gruesome as you can".[3]p463[9] He told the women to do as Watson would instruct them. Unknown to Manson, the tenants were now Sharon Tate and Roman Polanski. Polanski was in Europe at the time, and Tate was at home with three other people. They were all killed, as was a delivery boy who turned up at an inopportune moment.

La Bianca murders[change | change source]

This event was the murder of a supermarket owner and his wife. On this occasion Manson himself took charge of the murders, and six Family members accompanied him. As with the other killings, there was no particular reason for the crime, and the victims were unknown to the Family other than Manson.

Pop culture[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Charles Manson denied parole
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 Bugliosi, Vincent with Curt Gentry. 1974. Helter skelter: the true story of the Manson murders. Arrow books (1992 ed) ISBN 0-09-997500-9; W.W. Norton (2001) ISBN 0-393-32223-8)
  4. 1981 Tom Snyder interview with Charles Manson. Transcribed by Aaron Bredlau. Retrieved April 26, 2007.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Emmons, Nuel, 1988. Manson in his own words. Grove Press. ISBN 0-8021-3024-0
  6. Karpis, Alvin, with Robert Livesey 1980. On the Rock: twenty-five years at Alcatraz.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Sanders, Ed 2002. The Family. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press, 13–20. ISBN 1-56025-396-7
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 Watkins, Paul with Soledad, Guillermo 1979. My Life with Charles Manson. Bantam. ISBN 0-553-12788-8
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.9 Watson, Charles 1978. Will you die for me?. Revell. ISBN 0-8007-0912-8
  10. "1". Manson. Manson's right-hand man speaks out!. ISBN 0-9678519-1-2 . Retrieved 21 November 2007.
  11. 11.0 11.1 The Influence of the Beatles on Charles Manson. UMKC Law. Retrieved April 7, 2006.
  12. Testimony of Paul Watkins in the Charles Manson Trial UMKC Law. Retrieved April 7, 2007.
  13. Atkins, Susan, with Slosser, Bob (1977). Child of Satan, Child of God. Plainfield, NJ: Logos International. pp. 94–120. ISBN 0-88270-276-9 .