Charlotte (ship)

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The Charlotte was one of six convict transport ships in the First Fleet. The First Fleet carried the convicts and soldiers to Australia to start a penal colony. This was the start of European settlement of Australia. The Charlotte was built on the Thames about 1785, was a ship of 345 tons.[1] She was under the command of Thomas Gilbert.[2] She was 105 ft (32 m) long and 28 ft (9 m) wide.[3] The ship had a contract with the British Government to carry convicts. The owners were paid at a rate of 10 shillings per ton per month. They had to agree to keep the prisoners secure and safe.[2] She carried 88 male and 20 female convicts. After transporting the convicts to New South Wales, the Charlotte was under contract to work for the East India Company.

References[change | edit source]

  1. Alan, Frost (2011). The First Fleet: the real story. Collingwood, Victoria: Black Inc.. p. 91. ISBN 9781863955294.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "First Fleet". Australian Encyclopaedia IV. (1958). Angus and Robertson. 72-76. 
  3. Crago, Tony (2004). The First Fleet and year of Settlement. Woollahra Sales and Imports. ISBN I876553286.

Other websites[change | edit source]