Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: 重庆, Traditional Chinese: 重慶; pinyin: Chóngqìng; Postal System Pinyin: Chungking) is a city and a district in Central China. The Chongqing district is the most populated district of China and has 31,442,300 inhabitants (2005).
Chongqing is said to be the semi-mythical State of Ba that began in 11th century BC, when the Ba people began living here until they were destroyed by the State of Qin in 316 BC. The Qin emperor ordered a new city to be constructed, called Jiang (江州) and Chu Prefecture (楚州).
In 581 AD (Sui Dynasty), Chongqing was renamed to Yu Prefecture (渝州).
In 1102 the city was renamed Gong Prefecture.
In 1189 renamed Yu Prefecture to Chongqing Subprefecture.
In 1362 (Yuan Dynasty), Ming Yuzhen, a peasant rebel leader, established Daxia Kingdom at Chongqing for a short time.
In 1621, another short-lived kingdom of Daliang was established there.
In 1891, Chongqing became the first inland commerce port open to foreigners.
Since 1929, Chongqing was a municipality of the Republic of China. Chongqing was the provisional capital of the government of Chiang Kai-shek during the Second Chinese-Japanese War from 1937 to 1945. The Japanese bombed Chongqing very hard in World War II.
In 1954, the municipality was reduced to a provincial city of the People's Republic.
- Geographic coordinates: 105°17'-110°11' East, 28°10'－32°13' North
- Annual average temperature: 18 °C (64 °F)
- Temperature range: 0 to 47 °C
- Total annual hours of sunshine: 1000-1200
- Annual precipitation: 1000-1400 mm
- Neighbours: Hubei (east), Hunan (east), Guizhou (south), Sichuan (west), Shaanxi (north)
Twin cities [change]
- Washington, D.C., United States
- Düsseldorf, Germany
- Seattle, United States
- Hiroshima, Japan
- Toronto, Canada
- Brisbane, Australia
- Toulouse, France
- Leicester, England
- Detroit, Michigan, United States
Universities and Colleges [change]
- Chongqing Institute of Technology
- Chongqing Jiaotong University
- Chongqing Normal University
- Chongqing Technology and Business University
- Chongqing Three Gorges University
- Chongqing University (founded in 1929)
- Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications
- Fuling Teachers College
- Sichuan Fine Arts Institute
- Sichuan International Studies University
- Southwest Agricultural University
- Southwest China Normal University (founded in 1906)
- Southwest University of Political Science and Law
- Third Military Medical University
- Western Chongqing University