Chuang Tzu or Zhuangzi lived and taught around 350 BC. He was a Taoist philosopher. A collection of his sayings have been passed down over the centuries, and is one of the fundamental sources for Zen Buddhism.
Chang Tzu advocates that men distance themselves from the traditional prestige and honor of worldly life, and think about what it means to simply live. The Zhuangzi tells a story about two ministers who ask Zhuangzi to serve as a court official. Zhuangzi replies with a story about a sacred turtle. He says, "The king's men caught a sacred turtle. They killed it and put its shell in a special box to use to tell the future. Now would that turtle rather be honored in that box and dead, or would he rather be alive dragging his tail through the mud?"
Source: Merton, Thomas 1965. The way of Chuang Tzu. Allen & Unwin, London. ISBN 0-04-299004-1
- Fish are born in water; man is born in Tao.
- If fish, born in water, seek the deep shadow of pond and pool
- all their needs are satisfied.
- If man, born in Tao, sinks into the deep shadow of non-action
- to forget aggression and concern
- he lacks nothing; his life is secure.
- All the fish needs is to get lost in water.
- All man needs is to get lost in Tao.