Claude Shannon

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Claude Shannon
Born April 30, 1916(1916-04-30)
Petoskey, Michigan
Died February 24, 2001(2001-02-24) (aged 84)
Medford, Massachusetts
Residence United States
Nationality American
Fields Mathematics and electronic engineering
Institutions Bell Laboratories
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Institute for Advanced Study
Alma mater University of Michigan
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Doctoral advisor Frank Lauren Hitchcock
Doctoral students Danny Hillis
Ivan Sutherland
Bert Sutherland
Heinrich Arnold Ernst
Known for

Information theory
Shannon–Fano coding
Shannon–Hartley law
Nyquist–Shannon sampling theorem
Noisy channel coding theorem
Shannon switching game
Shannon number
Shannon index
Shannon's source coding theorem
Shannon's expansion
Shannon-Weaver model of communication

Whittaker–Shannon interpolation formula
Notable awards IEEE Medal of Honor (1966)
National Medal of Science (1966)
Harvey Prize (1972)
Kyoto Prize (1985)
National Inventors Hall of Fame (2004)

Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 - February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electronic engineer, and cryptographer. He is known as the father of information theory. Shannon founded the information theory with one landmark paper published in 1948.