Colle di Val d'Elsa

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Colle di Val d'Elsa
Comune
Comune di Colle di Val d'Elsa
Colle di Val d'Elsa is located in Italy
Colle di Val d'Elsa
Location of Colle di Val d'Elsa in Italy
Coordinates: 43°24′N 11°08′E / 43.4°N 11.133°E / 43.4; 11.133Coordinates: 43°24′N 11°08′E / 43.4°N 11.133°E / 43.4; 11.133
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Siena (SI)
Government
 • Mayor Paolo Brogioni (since June 2004)
Area
 • Total 92 km2 (36 sq mi)
Elevation 141 m (463 ft)
Population (December 31, 2004)
 • Total 19,473
 • Density 211.7/km2 (548.2/sq mi)
Demonym Colligiani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 53034
Dialing code 0577
Patron saint St. Martialis and St. Albert of Chiatina
Saint day July 1
Panorama of Colle di Val d'Elsa.

Colle di Val d'Elsa or Colle Val d'Elsa is a town and comune in Tuscany, Italy, in the province of Siena. It has a population of c. 20,000 inhabitants (2005). Its name in Italian means "Hill of Elsa Valley", where "Elsa" is the name of the river which crosses it. Today, Colle di Val d'Elsa is internationally renowned for the production of crystal glassware and art, largely produced in the industrial lower town.

Romanesque Pieve of SS. Ippolito and Cassiano.

History[change | change source]

The area was settled by man from at least the 4th millennium BC,. In 1269 it was the seat of a famous battle during the wars of Guelphs and Ghibellines and in 1479 it was attacked by Neapolitan soldiers. From the 14th century it was under the control of the city of Florence and the Grand Duchy of Tuscany until the unification of Italy in 1860. In the 20th century it became an important industrial town. During World War II it was bombed by Allied aircraft. The oldest part of the town is the "colle alta", the higher part, with a well preserved medieval center. The city is also famous as the birthplace of sculptor and architect Arnolfo di Cambio.

Others websites[change | change source]